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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Determinants of physician attitudes towards the new selective measles vaccine mandate in Germany

Variable Level Pediatrician GP Gynecologist Internist p-value
n   376 1178 259 416  
Gender: n (%) Male 173 (48.2) 512 (46.0) 63 (25.6) 221 (55.1) <  0.001
Female 186 (51.8) 601 (54.0) 183 (74.4) 180 (44.9)  
Work experience: mean (SD)   18.68 (10.38) 20.25 (10.97) 19.35 (10.47) 16.50 (9.79) <  0.001
Region: n (%) Western 283 (80.2) 895 (81.4) 184 (75.7) 321 (80.2) 0.260
Eastern 70 (19.8) 205 (18.6) 59 (24.3) 79 (19.8)  
City size: n (%) <  10.000 41 (11.5) 397 (35.7) 27 (11.1) 64 (15.9) <  0.001
10.000–100.000 181 (50.8) 428 (38.5) 123 (50.4) 192 (47.6)  
>  100.000 134 (37.6) 286 (25.7) 94 (38.5) 147 (36.5)  
Attitude towards mandates: mean (SD)a   4.00 (0.93) 4.03 (0.97) 4.32 (0.82) 4.19 (0.92) <  0.001
Reported patient clientele: mean (SD) Unquestioning acceptor 72.73 (20.49) 61.23 (22.94) 49.63 (24.25) 60.45 (20.68) <  0.001
Cautious acceptor 19.03 (16.47) 22.60 (16.28) 28.10 (16.62) 21.91 (14.89) <  0.001
Selective vaccinator 5.51 (6.58) 11.44 (11.04) 14.36 (13.14) 11.91 (10.18) <  0.001
Refuser 2.73 (6.26) 4.73 (5.92) 7.92 (8.66) 5.73 (5.78) <  0.001
Communication self-efficacy: mean (SD)b   4.49 (0.58) 4.24 (0.63) 4.26 (0.61) 4.22 (0.66) <  0.001
Vaccine knowledge: mean (SD)c   3.85 (0.50) 3.61 (0.86) 3.67 (0.73) 3.70 (0.70) <  0.001
  1. aMean score ‘attitude towards mandates’ consisting of four items (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.88) expressing negative attitude (score = 1) to positive attitude (score = 5)
  2. bMean score ‘communication self-efficacy’ consisting of four items (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.87) ranging from very low (score = 1) to very high (score = 5)
  3. cSum score ‘vaccine knowledge’ consisting of four items, every correct answer was counted as 1 point and every false answer or ‘don’t know’ answer was counted as 0 points