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Table 5 Multi-exposure model for depressive disorders

From: Association between urban environment and mental health in Brussels, Belgium

DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Factor OR (95% IC) p OR (95% IC) p OR (95% IC) p OR (95% IC) p
BC (1 μg/m3 increase) 1.18 [0.88–1.58] 0.28 2.48 [1.33–4.63] 0.004 2.44 [1.28–4.62] 0.007 2.46 [1.30–4.66] 0.006
BC (quadratic term)    0.73 [0.53–0.99] 0.04 0.74 [0.53–1.01] 0.06 0.75 [0.53–1.03] 0.08
Veg. coverage-1 km buffer (25% increase) 0.83 [0.61–1.12] 0.24 1.41 [0.96–2.05] 0.08 1.43 [0.96–2.12] 0.08 1.40 [0.92–2.13] 0.11
View of green (10 units increase) 1.17 [0.55–1.49] 0.08 1.17 [0.93–1.49] 0.19 1.21 [0.95–1.54] 0.27 1.23 [0.97–1.58] 0.12
Density of tree (25 trees/100 m increase) 1.08 [0.64–1.82] 0.14 1.10 [0.62–1.96] 0.18 0.99 [0.57–1.69] 0.13 0.99 [0.81–1.23] 0.08
Noise from multi. Source Lden (1 dB increase) 1.03 [0.99–1.06] 0.77 1.02 [0.99–1.05] 0.73 1.02 [0.99–1.05] 0.96 1.03 [0.99–1.06] 0.99
Canyon effect (1 unit increase) 1.10 [0.72–1.69] 0.65 1.12 [0.70–1.81] 0.52 1.28 [0.78–2.09] 0.32 1.23 [0.75–2.02] 0.40
Corridor effect (1 unit increase) 1.26 [0.79–2.00] 0.31 1.47 [0.88–2.48] 0.14 1.45 [0.87–2.42] 0.16 1.61 [0.96–2.69] 0.07
Social support (Poor vs strong)      4.06 [2.74–6.03] < 0.001 3.82 [2.51–5.80] < 0.001
Physical activity (Minimal active vs inactive)      0.78 [0.52–1.19] 0.25 0.85 [0.55–1.31] 0.46
Enough active vs inactive      0.40 [0.22–0.70] 0.002 0.47 [0.27–0.84] 0.01
Chronic condition (Yes vs no)        3.06 [2.06–4.54] < 0.001
  1. Notes: Models 2,3, 4 were adjusted for sex, age, family composition, reported household income, highest household educational level and year. Model 3 was additionally adjusted for physical activity and social support. Model 4 was additionally adjusted for chronic condition