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Table 3 OR of self-harm last year on bullying behaviour, demographic-, parental-, friend- and school variables

From: The relationship between self-harm and bullying behaviour: results from a population based study of adolescents

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Neither bullied nor bullies 1.0 (ref.)      
Bullied 5.04 (4.48–5.68)*** 4.94 (4.36–5.59)*** 4.27 (3.68–4.95)*** 3.69 (3.16–4.31)*** 3.62 (3.10–4.24)*** 2.42 (2.05–2.86)***
Bullies 3.19 (2.48–4.10)*** 4.43 (3.40–5.77)*** 3.60 (2.60–4.98)*** 2.40 (1.70–3.41)*** 2.37 (1.6–3.37)*** 1.89 (1.31–2.73)***
Bully-victims 5.97 (4.86–7.35)*** 8.29 (6.65–10.34)*** 7.90 (6.02–10.37)*** 5.60 (3.90–7.02)*** 5.44 (4.05–7.29)*** 3.48 (2.56–4.73)***
Gender 3.34 (3.02–3.71)*** 3.73 (3.34–4.17)*** 3.51 (3.08–4.01)*** 3.94 (3.43–4.53)*** 3.94 (3.42–4.54)*** 3.71 (3.22–4.28)***
Family’s financial sit. 0.62 (0.60–0.65)***   0.72 (0.68–0.76)*** 0.82 (0.77–0.87)*** 0.82 (0.76–0.87)*** 0.89 (0.83–.95)***
Education mother 0.69 (0.61–0.78)***   0.78 (0.68–0.90)** 0.88 (0.75–1.02) 0.87 (0.75–1.02) 0.88 (0.76–1.03)
Education father 0.84 (0.74–0.94)***   0.99 (0.86–1.14) 1.04 (0.89–1.20) 1.04 (0.90–1.20) 1.05 (0.91–1.22)
Parental support 0.20 (0.18–0.20)***    0.30 (0.26–0.34)*** 0.31 (0. 26–0.35)*** 0.37 (0.32–0.42)***
Parental monitoring 0.81 (0.79–0.82)***    0.88 (0.86–0.90)*** 0.88 (0.86–0.91)*** 0.91 (0.89–0.94)***
Friend support 0.63 (0.55–0.71)***     1.09 (0.90–1.33) 1.22 (1.00–1.50)*
Friendship 0.46 (0.41–0.53)***     0.74 (0.61–0.90)** 0.89 (0.73–1.08)
School well-being 0.73 (0.72–0.74)***      0.82 (0.80–0.84)***
  1. Note: *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001. OR Odds ratio, Family’s financial sit. = Family’s financial situation. Model 1 shows crude OR, bivariate associations with no controls, Model 2 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour and gender, Model 3 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour, gender, high family financial situation and high mother and father education. Model 4 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour, gender, high family financial situation, high mother and father education, parental support, and parental monitoring, Model 5 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour, gender, high family financial situation, high mother and father education, parental support, parental monitoring, friendship and friend support, Model 6 shows adjusted OR with control for all independent variables in the table (bullying behaviour, gender, high family financial situation, high mother and father education, parental support, parental monitoring, friendship, friend support, and school well-being)