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Table 2 OR of self-harm last year on bullying behaviour, demographic-, psychological- and environmental independent variables

From: The relationship between self-harm and bullying behaviour: results from a population based study of adolescents

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
  OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)
Neither bullied nor bullies 1.0 (ref.)      
Bullied 5.04 (4.47–5.68)*** 4.94 (4.36–5.59)*** 4.26 (3.69–5.0)*** 2.30 (1.95–2.71)*** 2.18 (1.85–2.58)*** 1.97 (1.66–2.34)***
Bullies 3.19 (2.48–4.09)*** 4.43 (3.40–5.77)*** 3.52 (2.56–4.84)*** 2.12 (1.47–3.05)** 2.16 (1.48–3.14)** 1.49 (1.01–2.22)*
Bully-victims 5.97 (4.86–7.35)*** 8.28 (6.65–10.34)*** 7.32 (5.60–9.56)*** 3.24 (2.39–4.38)*** 2.80 (2.04–3.85)*** 1.82 (1.29–2.55)**
Gender 3.34 (3.02–3.71)*** 3.73 (3.34–4.17)*** 3.55 (3.12–4.04)*** 2.16 (1.88–2.49)*** 1.72 (1.49–2.00)*** 1.94 (1.66–2.34)***
Family’s financial sit. 1.60 (1.53–1.68)***   1.39 (1.31–1.47)*** 1.12 (1.05–1.19)** 1.12 (1.04–1.19)** 1.04 (0.97–1.12)
Education mother 1.56 (1.41–1.74)***   1.25 (1.08–1.44)** 1.21 (1.03–1.41)** 1.22 (1.04–1.43)** 1.18 (1.00–1.38)
Education father 1.39 (1.26–1.55)***   1.04 (0.91–1.19) 0.99 (0.85–1.15) 0.99 (0.85–1.15) 0.97 (0.83–1.13)
Depression 1.23 (1.22–1.24)***    1.20 (1.18–1.21)*** 1.12 (1.10–1.13)*** 1.11 (1.08–1.11)***
Anxiety 1.33 (1.31–1.34)***     1.14 (1.12–1.17)*** 1.12 (1.12–1.16)***
Parental conflict 1.44 (1.41–1.48)***      1.15 (1.11–1.19)***
School problem 1.37 (1.34–1.40)***      1.15 (1.11–1.19)***
  1. Note. *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001, OR Odds ratio, Family’s financial sit. = Family’s financial situation. Model 1 shows crude/unadjusted OR, bivariate associations with no controls, Model 2 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour and gender, Model 3 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour, gender and socioeconomic background. Model 4 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour, gender, socioeconomic background and depression. Model 5 shows adjusted OR with control for bullying behaviour, gender, socioeconomic background, depression, and anxiety, Model 6 shows adjusted OR with control for all independent variables included in the table (bullying behaviour, gender, socioeconomic background, depression, anxiety, parental conflict and school problem)