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Table 4 Predictors of awareness for individual risk factors: results from the binary logistic regression analyses

From: Ethnic inequalities in older adults bowel cancer awareness: findings from a community survey conducted in an ethnically diverse region in England

Symptom Alcohol Daily
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 926)
Fruit and veg daily
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 923)
Red or processed meat daily
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 932)
Low fibre diet
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 931)
Being overweight
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 926)
Being over 70
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 923)
Close relative CRC
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 926)
Physical activity weekly
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 928)
Existing bowel condition
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 929)
Having diabetes
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
(n = 927)
Total
 Total 285 (28.1) 378 (37.3) 481 (47.5) 502 (49.6) 469 (46.3) 398 (39.3) 448 (44.2) 326 (32.2) 498 (49.2) 193 (19.1)
Gender
 Male 133 (27.4)
Ref
178 (36.7)
Ref
233 (48.0)
Ref
243 (50.1)
Ref
220 (45.4)
Ref
201 (41.4)
Ref
198 (40.8)
Ref
166 (34.2)
Ref
224 (46.2)
Ref
99 (20.4)
Ref
 Female 134 (28.2)
1.00 (0.75, 1.34)
[1.00]
183 (38.4)
1.04 (0.80, 1.37)
[0.754]
223 (46.8)
0.90 (0.69, 1.17)
[0.423]
231 (48.5)
0.93 (0.72, 1.21)
[0.597]
225 (47.3)
1.04 (0.79, 1.35)
[0.800]
174 (36.8)
0.74 (0.56, 0.98)
[0.03]
230 (48.3)
1.37 (1.04, 1.80)
[0.024]
143 (30.0)
0.84 (0.63, 1.10)
[0.216]
249 (52.3)
1.27 (0.98, 1.65)
[0.075]
78 (16.4)
0.76 (0.54, 1.07)
[0.110]
Age (Years)
 60–65 93 (26.5)
Ref
129 (36.8)
Ref
158 (45.0)
Ref
164 (46.7)
Ref
150 (42.7)
Ref
128 (36.5)
Ref
154 (43.9)
Ref
111 (31.6)
Ref
170 (48.4)
Ref
78 (22.2)
Ref
 66–69 81 (31.4)
1.21 (0.83, 1.75)
[0.326]
111 (43.0)
1.36 (0.96, 1.91)
[0.082]
141 (54.7)
1.45 (1.03, 2.04)
[0.031]
136 (52.7)
1.37 (0.98, 1.92)
[0.067]
132 (51.2)
1.42 (1.01, 2.00)
[0.044]
101 (39.1)
1.10 (0.78, 1.57)
[0.587]
130 (50.4)
1.27 (0.90, 1.80)
[0.179]
92 (35.7)
1.33 (0.93, 1.90)
[0.113]
138 (53.5)
1.28 (0.91, 1.80)
[0.152]
46 (17.8)
0.68 (0.44, 1.05)
[0.082]
 70–75 68 (28.1)
1.15 (0.78, 1.69)
[0.487]
88 (36.4)
1.06 (0.74, 1.52)
[0.747]
118 (48.8)
1.19 (0.84, 1.68)
[0.330]
130 (53.7)
1.55 (1.10, 2.20)
[0.013]
118 (48.8)
1.34 (0.94, 1.90)
[0.100]
109 (45.0)
1.38 (0.96, 1.97)
[0.079]
106 (43.8)
0.93 (0.65, 1.33)
[0.697]
74 (30.6)
1.08 (0.75, 1.57)
[0.682]
119 (49.2)
1.12 (0.791, 1.58)
[0.527]
43 (17.8)
0.73 (0.47, 1.13)
[0.729]
 76+ 36 (25.7)
0.89 (0.55, 1.44)
[0.639]
44 (31.4)
0.82 (0.53, 1.28)
[0.379]
54 (38.6)
0.67 (0.44, 1.03)
[0.067]
61 (43.6)
1.01 (0.66, 1.53)
[0.979]
60 (42.9)
1.04 (0.67, 1.59)
[0.866]
53 (37.9)
0.97 (0.62, 1.50)
[0.882]
51 (36.4)
0.63 (0.41, 0.99)
[0.043]
42 (30.0)
0.99 (0.63, 1.56)
[0.969]
62 (44.3)
0.84 (0.55, 1.28)
[0.414]
22 (15.7)
0.61 (0.35, 1.98)
[0.089]
Ethnicity
 White British / Irish 153 (32.4)
Ref
186 (39.4)
Ref
240 (50.8)
Ref
224 (47.5)
Ref
243 (51.5)
Ref
195 (41.3)
Ref
205 (43.4)
Ref
147 (31.1)
Ref
246 (52.1)
Ref
93 (19.7)
Ref
 South Asian 74 (26.8)
0.60 (0.34, 1.05)
[0.074]
95 (34.4)
0.82 (0.45, 1.37)
[0.817]
131 (47.5)
0.83 (0.50, 1.35)
[0.448]
122 (44.2)
0.85 (0.52, 1.41)
[0.535]
131 (47.5)
0.96 (0.58, 1.58)
[0.862]
126 (45.7)
1.15 (0.70, 1.90)
[0.578]
103 (37.3)
0.62 (0.38, 1.04)
[0.068]
89 (32.2)
0.77 (0.45, 1.33)
[0.355]
140 (50.7)
1.06 (0.64, 1.75)
[0.823]
68 (24.6)
1.05 (0.56, 1.98)
[0.883]
 Any other Asian ethnicity 17 (33.3)
0.81 (0.38, 1.76)
[0.601]
21 (41.2)
1.05 (0.51, 2.16)
[0.887]
25 (49.0)
0.80 (0.40, 1.62)
[0.534]
23 (45.1)
0.85 (0.42, 1.71)
[0.640]
25 (49.0)
1.01 (0.50, 2.07)
[0.969]
22 (43.1)
1.05 (0.52, 2.13)
[0.894]
19 (37.3)
0.64 (0.31, 1.32)
[0.23]
15 (29.4)
0.70 (0.32, 1.52)
[0.364]
25 (49.0)
0.94 (0.46, 1.93)
[0.874]
10 (19.6)
0.84 (0.34, 2.08)
[0.711]
 Afro-Caribbean 21 (30.9)
0.80 (0.43, 1.50)
[0.493]
21 (30.9)
0.57 (0.31, 1.05)
[0.073]
31 (45.6)
0.86 (0.49, 1.52)
[0.607]
29 (42.6)
0.67 (0.38, 1.19)
[0.173]
23 (33.8)
0.54 (0.30, 0.97)
[0.041]
21 (30.9)
0.70 (0.38, 1.28)
[0.242]
25 (36.8)
0.55 (0.31, 0.98)
[0.044]
17 (25.0)
0.73 (0.38, 1.39)
[0.334]
23 (33.8)
0.46 (0.26, 0.84)
[0.011]
8 (11.8)
0.42 (0.16, 1.11)
[0.080]
 Somali 1 (1.6)
0.025 (0.00, 0.20)
[< 0.001]
25 (40.3)
1.02 (0.49, 2.15)
[0.954]
14 (22.2)
0.25 (0.11, 0.55)
[0.001]
41 (65.1)
2.21 (1.06, 4.61)
[0.035]
(19.0)
0.254 (0.11, 0.58)
[0.001]
2 (3.2)
0.04 (0.01, 0.20)
[0.001]
6 (9.5)
0.12 (0.04, 0.33)
[< 0.001]
24 (38.1)
0.94 (0.44, 2.01)
[0.864]
27 (42.9)
0.82 (0.40, 1.70)
[0.594]
2 (3.2)
0.10 (0.02, 0.45)
[0.003]
 Arab 1 (6.3)
0.12 (0.01, 0.98)
[0.047]
4 (25.0)
0.45 (0.11, 1.82)
[0.262]
9 (56.3)
0.36 (0.10, 1.30)
[0.118]
2 (12.5)
1.61 (0.47, 5.55)
[0.453]
3 (18.8)
0.17 (0.04, 0.85)
[0.03]
1 (6.3)
0.09 (0.01, 0.76)
[0.026]
4 (25.0)
0.54 (0.15, 1.98)
[0.352]
7 (43.8)
1.66 (0.48, 5.69)
[0.420]
5 (31.3)
0.67 (0.19, 2.30)
[0.519]
3 (18.8)
0.53 (0.10, 2.79)
[0.456]
 Mixed / Other 16 (27.6)
0.60 (0.30, 1.21)
[0.150]
31 (53.4)
0.99 (0.53, 1.85)
[0.981]
32 (55.2)
1.03 (0.56, 1.89)
[0.937]
30 (51.7)
1.19 (0.64, 2.21)
[0.581]
23 (39.7)
0.97 (0.52, 1.78)
[0.908]
26 (44.8)
1.25 (0.67, 2.31)
[0.483]
27 (46.6)
0.90 (0.49, 1.68)
[0.751]
25 (43.1)
1.41 (0.76, 2.64)
[0.278]
27 (46.6)
0.77 (0.42, 1.42)
[0.400]
8 (13.8)
0.62 (0.26, 1.50)
[0.289]
Language
 English 191 (30.7)
Ref
317 (51.0)
Ref
315 (50.6)
Ref
310 (49.8)
Ref
240 (38.6)
Ref
254 (40.8)
Ref
326 (52.4)
Ref
189 (30.4)
Ref
315 (50.6)
Ref
116 (18.6)
Ref
 Any other language 92 (24.5)
1.41 (0.82, 2.43)
[0.217]
161 (42.8)
0.91 (0.56, 1.50)
[0.719]
181 (48.1)
1.01 (0.63, 1.62)
[0.980]
157 (41.8)
0.81 (0.50, 1.32)
[0.400]
134 (35.6)
0.92 (0.52, 1.50)
[0.747]
139 (37.0)
1.07 (0.66, 1.73)
[0.786]
119 (31.6)
0.66 (0.41, 1.08)
[0.099]
134 (35.6)
1.38 (0.82, 2.32)
[0.232]
178 (47.3)
0.84 (0.52, 1.36)
[0.471]
76 (20.2)
1.31 (0.71, 2.44)
[0.389]