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Table 3 Predictors of awareness for individual symptoms: results from the binary logistic regression analyses

From: Ethnic inequalities in older adults bowel cancer awareness: findings from a community survey conducted in an ethnically diverse region in England

Symptom Bleeding from back passage (n = 940)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Weight loss
(n = 940)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Change in bowel habits
(n = 940)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Pain in abdomen
(n = 941)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Lump in abdomen
(n = 938)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Pain in back passage
(n = 938)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Tiredness / anaemia
(n = 940)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Bowel not empty
(n = 937)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Blood in stool
(n = 937)
n (%)
OR (95%CI)
[P]
Total
 Total 666 (65.7) 539 (53.2) 513 (50.6) 468 (46.2) 459 (45.3) 372 (36.7) 280 (27.6) 263 (26.0) 734 (72.5)
Gender
 Male 314 (64.7)
Ref
245 (50.5)
Ref
226 (46.6)
Ref
222 (45.8)
Ref
217 (44.7)
Ref
184 (37.9)
Ref
123 (25.4)
Ref
117 (24.1)
Ref
352 (72.6)
Ref
 Female 317 (66.6)
1.05 (0.78. 1.40)
[0.764]
265 (55.7)
1.22 (0.93, 1.60)
[0.152]
260 (54.6)
1.35 (1.02, 1.78)
[0.036]
169 (35.5)
1.04 (0.80, 1.36)
[0.777]
222 (46.6)
1.16 (0.89, 1.51)
[0.274]
169 (35.5)
0.89 (0.68, 1.18)
[0.420]
143 (30.0)
1.24 (0.93, 1.67)
[0.146]
132 (27.7)
1.19 (0.89, 1.61)
[0.244]
346 (72.7)
1.00
(0.73, 1.36)
[0.992]
Age (years)
 60–65 235 (67.0)
Ref
191 (54.4)
Ref
181 (51.6)
Ref
171 (48.7)
Ref
162 (46.2)
Ref
132 (37.6)
Ref
99 (28.2)
Ref
87 (24.8)
Ref
259 (73.8)
Ref
 66–69 169 (55.0)
0.85 (0.58, 1.24)
[0.406]
142 (55.0)
1.01 (0.71, 1.43)
[0.960]
136 (52.7)
0.94 (0.66, 1.34)
[0.731]
117 (45.3)
0.82 (0.58, 1.16)
[0.269]
113 (43.8)
1.02 (0.72, 1.43)
[0.920]
93 (36.0)
0.80 (0.56, 1.15)
[0.230]
77 (29.8)
1.05 (0.73, 1.53)
[0.786]
67 (26.0)
1.08 (0.74, 1.59)
[0.68]
186 (72.1)
0.93 (0.63, 1.37)
[0.706]
 70–75 161 (66.5)
0.89 (0.60, 1.32)
[0.565]
130 (53.7)
0.89 (0.62, 1.28)
[0.532]
122 (50.4)
0.82 (0.57, 1.19)
[0.298]
111 (45.9)
0.84 (0.59, 1.16)
[0.338]
111 (45.9)
1.03 (0.73, 1.46)
[0.860]
89 (36.8)
0.94 (0.66, 1.36)
[0.753]
67 (27.7)
0.97 (0.66, 1.43)
[0.884]
65 (26.9)
1.16 (0.79, 1.71)
[0.456]
174 (71.9)
0.89 (0.60, 1.34)
[0.589]
 76+ 90 (64.3)
0.74 (0.46, 1.17)
[0.193]
68 (48.6)
0.67 (0.44, 1.03)
[0.070]
65 (46.4)
0.68 (0.44, 1.05)
[0.08]
64 (45.7)
0.81 (0.53, 1.23)
[0.324]
67 (47.9)
1.15 (0.76, 1.75)
[0.512]
54 (38.6)
0.91 (0.59, 1.41)
[0.665]
33 (23.6)
0.70 (0.43, 1.14)
[0.150]
41 (29.3)
1.12 (0.70, 1.78)
[0.647]
103 (73.6)
0.97 (0.59, 1.58
[0.892])
Ethnicity
 White British / Irish 381 (80.7)
Ref
312 (66.1)
Ref
307 (65.0)
Ref
272 (57.6)
Ref
228 (48.3)
Ref
220 (46.6)
Ref
161 (34.1)
Ref
140 (29.7)
Ref
396 (83.9)
Ref
 South Asian 164 (59.4)
0.44 (0.26, 0.74)
[0.002]
125 (45.3)
0.37 (0.22, 0.61)
[< 0.001]
116 (42.0)
0.38 (0.23, 0.62)
[< 0.001]
107 (38.8)
0.48 (0.29, 0.79)
[0.004]
109 (39.5)
0.98 (0.59, 1.61)
[0.923]
89 (32.2)
0.71 (0.42, 1.18)
[0.185]
59 (21.4)
0.55 (0.31, 0.96)
[0.036]
67 (24.3)
0.75 (0.43, 1.31)
[0.312]
172 (62.3)
0.45 (0.25, 0.79)
[0.006]
 Any other Asian ethnicity 22 (43.1)
0.22 (0.11, 0.46)
[< 0.001]
20 (39.2)
0.26 (0.13, 0.53)
[< 0.001]
20 (39.2)
0.34 (0.17, 0.70)
[0.003]
22 (43.1)
0.59 (0.29, 1.20)
[0.147]
16 (31.4)
0.64 (0.30, 1.33)
[0.232]
18 (35.5)
0.76 (0.36, 1.58)
[0.456]
13 (25.5)
0.69 (0.31, 1.53)
[0.359]
10 (19.6)
0.62 (0.27, 1.42)
[0256]
31 (60.8)
0.41 (0.19, 0.89)
[0.024]
 Afro-Caribbean 39 (57.4)
0.30 (0.17, 0.46)
[< 0.001]
24 (35.3)
0.31 (1.70, 0.55)
[< 0.001]
32 (47.1)
0.45 (0.25, 0.79)
[0.006]
20 (29.4)
0.31 (0.17, 0.56)
[< 0.001]
23 (33.8)
0.53 (0.29, 0.97)
[0.04]
21 (30.9)
0.51 (0.28, 0.93)
[0.028]
17 (25.0)
0.64 (033, 1.21)
[0.166]
17 (25.0)
0.76 (0.40, 1.46)
[0.412]
40 (58.8)
0.27 (0.15, 0.50)
[< 0.001]
 Somali 21 (33.3)
0.16 (0.07, 0.34)
[< 0.001]
15 (23.8)
0.13 (0.06, 0.28)
[< 0.001]
3 (4.8)
0.03 (0.01, 0.09)
[< 0.001]
15 (23.8)
0.24 (0.11, 0.52)
[< 0.001]
42 (66.7)
3.49 (1.65, 7.38)
[< 0.001]
3 (4.8)
0.08 (0.02, 0.28)
[< 0.001]
4 (6.3)
0.13 (0.04, 0.43)
[0.001]
5 (7.9)
0.23 (0.08, 0.67)
[0.007]
40 (63.5)
0.48 (0.22, 1.04)
[0.064]
 Arab 3 (18.8)
0.10 (0.02.0.40)
[< 0.001]
3 (18.8)
0.13 (0.03, 0.53)
[0.004]
1 (6.3)
0.05 (0.01, 0.40)
[0.005]
3 (18.8)
0.24 (0.06, 0.97)
[0.045]
11 (68.8)
5.76 (1.43, 23.26)
[0.014]
0 (0)
0 (0.00, i)
[0.999]
0 (0)
0.0 (0.00, i)
[0.999]
1 (6.3)
0.22 (0.03, 1.80)
[0.156]
9 (56.3)
0.47 (0.13, 1.66)
[0.241]
 Mixed / Other 30 (51.7)
0.28 (0.15, 0.52)
[< 0.001]
34 (58.6)
1.20 (0.74, 1.95)
[0.452]
30 (51.7)
0.60 (0.33, 1.11)
[0.103]
25 (43.1)
0.58 (0.31, 1.07)
[0.079]
27 (46.6)
1.18 (0.63, 2.18)
[0.606]
18 (31.0)
0.56 (0.29, 1.07)
[0.130]
22 (37.9)
1.45 (0.77, 2.72)
[0.252]
21 (36.2)
1.51 (0.81, 2.83)
[0.198]
38 (65.5)
0.43 (0.22, 0.84)
[0.014]
Language
 English 473 (76.0)
Ref
375 (60.3)
Ref
379 (60.9)
Ref
332 (53.4)
Ref
295 (47.4)
Ref
275 (44.2)
Ref
202 (32.5)
Ref
184 (29.6)
Ref
496 (79.7)
Ref
 Any other language 186 (49.5)
0.67 (0.41, 1.09)
[0.107]
157 (41.8)
1.20 (0.74, 1.95)
[0.452]
131 (34.8)
0.95 (0.59, 1.53)
[0.830]
134 (35.6)
0.88 (0.54, 1.43)
[0.610]
160 (42.6)
0.62 (0.38, 1.01)
[0.053]
93 (24.7)
0.68 (0.41, 1.12)
[0.130]
75 (19.9)
0.97 (0.56, 1.67)
[0.90]
78 (20.7)
0.89 (0.52, 1.53)
[0.680]
227 (60.4)
0.57 (0.34, 0.95)
[0.031]