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Table 2 Predictors of risk factor, symptom and screening knowledge: results from the linear regression (risk factors and symptoms) and binary logistic regression (Screening) analyses

From: Ethnic inequalities in older adults bowel cancer awareness: findings from a community survey conducted in an ethnically diverse region in England

Characteristic Symptom score (multi-item scale)
(n = 912)
Risk factor score (multi-item scale)
(n = 879)
Screening score (single-item scale)
(n = 937)
  Mean
(0–9)
β coefficient
Unadjusted
[p Value]
β coefficient
Adjusted
[p Value]
Mean
(0–10)
β coefficient
Unadjusted
[p value]
β coefficient
Adjusted
[p Value]
Mean
(0–1)
Unadjusted OR
[p Value]
Adjusted OR (95%CIs)
[p Value]
Total
 Total 4.27 3.99 0.72
Gender
 Male 4.14 Ref Ref 3.97 Ref Ref 0.71 Ref Ref
 Female 4.38 0.04 [0.203] 0.04 [0.171] 4.00 0.01 [0.843] < 0.01 [0.974] 0.74 1.15 (0.87, 1.53)
[0.330]
0.95 (0.69, 1.32)
[0.771]
Age (Years)
 60–65 4.38 Ref Ref 3.81 Ref Ref 0.69 Ref Ref
 66–69 4.29 −0.1 [0.737] −0.02 [0.492] 4.34 0.09 [0.027] 0.12 [0.007] 0.75 1.33 (0.93, 1.92)
[0.120]
1.21 (0.80, 1.84)
[0.364]
 70–75 4.29 −0.02 [0.726] −0.18 [0.659] 4.10 0.05 [0.249] 0.075 [0.085] 0.81 1.94 (1.30, 2.89)
[0.001]
1.70 (1.08, 2.70)
[0.023]
 76+ 4.16 −0.03 [0.467] −0.05 [0.256] 3.57 0.04 [0.410] −0.04 [0.362] 0.61 0.69 (0.46, 1.04)
[0.074]
0.54 (0.34, 0.85)
[0.009]
Ethnicity
 White British / Irish 5.17 Ref Ref 4.29 Ref Ref 0.81 Ref Ref
 South Asian 3.27 −0.25 [< 0.0001] −0.28 [< 0.0001] 4.00 − 0.05 [0.200] − 0.13 [0.083] 0.77 0.78 (0.55, 1.14)
[0.200]
0.87 (0.48, 1.57)
[0.634]
 Any other Asian ethnicity 3.25 −0.21 [< 0.0001] − 0.24 [0.009] 3.92 − 0.04 [0.388] − 0.11 [0.252] 0.71 0.56 (0.29, 1.07)
[0.079]
0.67 (0.30, 1.52)
[0.339]
 Afro-Caribbean 3.39 −0.21 [< 0.0001] − 0.17 [< 0.0001] 3.45 0.09 [0.420] − 010 [0.043] 0.63 0.40 (0.23, 0.69)
[0.001]
0.38 (0.21, 0.70)
[0.002]
 Somali 2.35 −0.34 [< 0.0001] − 0.36 [< 0.0001] 2.46 0.22 [< 0.0001] 0.23 [< 0.0001] 0.14 0.04 (0.02, 0.08)
[< 0.0001]
0.05 (0.02, 0.12)
< 0.0001
 Arab 1.94 −0.22 [< 0.0001] − 0.18 [< 0.0001] 2.44 − 0.12 [0.010] − 0.10 [0.054] 0.00 0.00 (0.00, i)
[0.998]
0.00 (0.00, i)
[0.998]
 Mixed / Other 4.20 −0.11 [0.012] −0.03 [0.627] 4.26 −0.00
[0.946]
0.02
[0.689]
0.72 0.48
(0.26, 0.87)
[0.015]
0.57 (0.28, 1.12)
[0.10]
Language
 English 4.89 Ref Ref 4.20 Ref Ref 0.78 Ref Ref
 Any other language 3.34 0.26 [< 0.0001] 0.21 [< 0.0001] 3.71 −0.11 [0.010] 0.06 [0.141] 0.62 2.26 (1.71, 3.01)
[< 0.0001]
1.20 (0.69, 2.11)
[0.556]