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Table 2 Predictors of Common Mental Disorders in adolescent girls and young women

From: Common mental disorders and HIV status in the context of DREAMS among adolescent girls and young women in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

  Bivariate Age adjusted Multivariate
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Age group
 13–14 1     1  
 15–17 1.76 1.25–2.47    1.52 1.03–2.23
 18–19 2.61 1.84–3.70    1.93 1.23–3.03
 20–22 3.51 2.51–4.91    2.41 1.46–3.98
Occupation
 In school 0.63 0.50–0.79 1.13 0.85–1.50 1.21 0.83–1.76
 Employed 0.83 0.34–1.99 0.78 0.32–1.87 0.56 0.18–1.75
Socio-economic status
 Lowest third 1   1   1  
 Middle third 1.05 0.82–1.35 1.04 0.81–1.35 1.05 0.80–1.37
 Highest third 1.11 0.85–1.44 1.17 0.89–1.52 1.23 0.91–1.65
Urbanicity
 Rural 1   1   1  
 Peri-urban/urban 1.42 1.15–1.74 1.44 1.17–1.78 1.32 1.04–1.67
Food insecurities
 Yes 1.85 1.50–2.28 1.58 1.28–1.97 1.72 1.35–2.19
Has cellphone
 Yes 1.91 1.52–2.40 1.26 0.97–1.64 1.15 0.86–1.53
Migrated ever since age 13
 Within PIPSA 1.42 1.02–1.98 1.07 0.76–1.51 0.98 0.66–1.46
 External migration 1.86 1.35–2.56 1.26 0.90–1.76 1.22 0.83–1.79
Ever been or currently pregnant
 Yes 2.08 1.67–2.59 1.39 1.07–1.81 1.29 0.94–1.76
Knows own HIV status
 Yes 1.69 1.38–2.07 1.28 1.03–1.59 1.06 0.82–1.37
HIV status
 Seronegative 1   1   1  
 Seropositive 1.88 1.40–2.53 1.47 1.08–1.99 1.26 0.89–1.77
 Unknown 0.86 0.56–1.32 0.72 0.46–1.10 0.66 0.41–1.07
Ever experienced gender-based violence
 Yes 1.84 1.50–2.26 1.97 1.59–2.43 1.84 1.46–2.32
Ever drunk alcohol
 Ever but not last month 1.63 1.24–2.15 1.56 1.18–2.07 1.48 1.08–2.01
 Drank last month 2.46 1.81–3.33 2.27 1.67–3.10 2.18 1.54–3.06
Community-level DREAMS interventions used
 One 0.89 0.69–1.14 1.28 0.97–1.68 1.09 0.77–1.54
 Two 0.82 0.60–1.11 1.27 0.91–1.76 1.14 0.76–1.71
 Three or more 0.68 0.51–0.90 1.13 0.82–1.56 1.00 0.67–1.50
Individual-level DREAMS interventions used
 One 1.61 1.25–2.09 1.28 0.97–1.68 1.19 0.87–1.62
 Two 1.96 1.46–2.64 1.34 0.98–1.85 1.10 0.74–1.61
 Three or more 2.85 2.05–3.95 1.96 1.38–2.78 1.69 1.10–2.61
  1. OR Odds ratio; CI Confidence interval. Where not shown, reference category is ‘no’, ‘none’ or ‘never’