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Table 4 Differences in knowledge, attitude, and practice scores among the patients stratified by their sociodemographic and clinical variables

From: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with regard to their disease: a cross-sectional study among Palestinians of the West Bank

Variable n % Knowledge Attitude Practice
Median (Q1, Q3) p-value Median (Q1, Q3) p-value Median (Q1, Q3) p-value
Age (years)
  < 55 82 37.3 6.5 (5.5, 8.5) <  0.001 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.979 4.0 (2.0, 4.0) <  0.001
  ≥ 55 138 62.7 5.5 (3.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
Gender
 Male 102 46.4 6.5 (4.5, 7.5) 0.186 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.288 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 0.816
 Female 118 53.6 5.5 (4.0, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.8, 4.0)
Marital status
 Single 32 14.5 7.3 (6.1, 8.5) 0.021 2.5 (2.0, 4.0) 0.722 3.0 (1.0, 5.0) 0.561
 Married 156 70.9 5.5 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0)
 Divorced/widowed 32 14.5 6.5 (3.5, 8.8) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 3.8)
Employment
 Unemployed 139 63.2 5.5 (4.0, 7.50 0.001 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.659 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 0.230
 Employed 81 36.8 6.5 95.5, 8.3) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
Place of residence
 Urban 149 67.7 6.5 (4.5, 7.5) 0.520 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.853 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 0.863
 Country side 71 32.3 5.5 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0)
Educational level
 Some school 165 75 5.5 (4.0, 7.0) <  0.001 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.253 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 0.001
 University 55 25 7.5 (5.5, 10.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 4.0 (2.0, 5.0)
Monthly household income (Jordanian Dinar)
  < 600 85 38.6 5.5 (4.0, 6.5) <  0.001 2.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.290 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 0.192
 600–1000 93 42.3 6.5 (5.0, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
  ≥ 1000 42 19.1 7.5 (4.5, 9.5) 3.0 (1.8, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0)
Time elapsed since diagnosis (years)
  < 7 104 47.3 6.5 (5.0, 8.5) 0.001 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.892 4.0 (2.0, 5.0) <  0.001
  ≥ 7 116 52.7 5.5 (4.0, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (0.3, 3.0)
Has a health insurance
 Yes 175 79.5 6.0 (4.5, 7.5) 0.230 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.255 3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 0.257
 No 45 20.5 6.5 (4.5, 8.3) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 5.0)
Has attended educational program regarding diabetes
 Yes 22 10 6.0 (4.5, 7.5) 0.969 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.547 3.5 (3.0, 4.0) 0.026
 No 198 90 6.5 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL)
  < 140 66 30 6.5 (5.0, 8.5) 0.003 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.013 4.0 (2.0, 5.0) <  0.001
  ≥ 140 154 70 5.5 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
Postprandial plasma glucose (mg/dL)
  < 200 43 19.5 6.5 (4.0, 8.5) 0.423 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.114 4.0 (3.0, 5.0) <  0.001
  ≥ 200 177 80.5 6.0 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
HbA1c (%)
  < 7 53 24.1 6.5 (4.8, 9.5) 0.037 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.301 4.0 (3.0, 4.0) 0.001
  ≥ 7 167 75.9 5.5 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)
  < 25 45 20.5 6.5 (5.0, 8.5) 0.039 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.211 4.0 92.5, 5.0) 0.001
  ≥ 25 175 79.5 5.5 (4.5, 7.5) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.0, 4.0)
  1. HbA1c Glycated hemoglobin, Q1: 1st quartile, Q3: 3rd quartile, Median = Q2