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Table 2 Responses of the patients on the knowledge, attitude, and practice items overall and stratified by gender (n = 220)

From: Knowledge, attitude, and practice of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with regard to their disease: a cross-sectional study among Palestinians of the West Bank

# Item Total Male Female p-value
N % n % n %
Knowledge
1 Tests used to diagnose T2DM
Blood tests 220 100.0 102 100.0 118 100.0 1.000
Urine tests 48 21.8 15 14.7 33 28.0 0.022
2 Keeping blood glycemia under control
Taking medications (insulin and/or other oral hypoglycemic agents) 200 90.9 94 92.2 106 89.8 0.641
Adhering to diet control 174 79.1 83 81.4 91 77.1 0.507
Performing regular exercise 101 45.9 50 49.0 51 43.2 0.418
Weight management 48 21.8 21 20.6 27 22.9 0.745
Going for regular checkups 25 11.4 12 11.8 13 11.0 1.000
I don’t know 7 3.2 3 2.9 4 3.4 1.000
3 For how long should the patient adhere to diet control and/or taking medications
Until blood sugar levels become under control 85 38.6 36 35.3 49 41.5 0.405
Lifelong 135 61.4 66 64.7 69 58.5 0.405
4 Major organs of the body are affected by T2DM
Kidneys 124 56.4 61 59.8 63 53.4 0.344
Feet 98 44.5 43 42.2 55 46.6 0.587
Eyes 129 58.6 65 63.7 64 54.2 0.171
Nerves 102 46.4 49 48.0 53 44.9 0.685
Heart 82 37.3 40 39.2 42 35.6 0.675
I don’t know 21 9.5 9 8.8 12 10.2 0.820
Knowledge score, Median (Q1, Q3)    6.5 (4.5, 7.5) 5.5 (4.5, 7.5) 0.186
Attitude
1 It is alright to eat sweets on occasional basis
Agree/undecided 80 36.4 34 33.3 46 39.0 0.402
Disagree 140 63.6 68 66.7 72 61.0
2 It is alright if you forget to take your insulin and/or other antidiabetic agents on some days
Agree/undecided 64 29.1 28 27.5 36 30.5 0.657
Disagree 156 70.9 74 72.5 82 69.5
3 Patients with T2DM should visit their healthcare providers for regular checkups even if their blood glycemia is under control
Disagree/undecided 64 29.1 30 29.4 34 28.8 1.000
Agree 156 70.9 72 70.6 84 71.2
4 It is alright not to perform regular exercise as prescribed by the healthcare provider because patients exercise while performing daily activities
Agree/undecided 97 44.1 39 38.2 58 49.2 0.134
Disagree 123 55.9 63 61.8 60 50.8
Attitude score, Median (Q1, Q3)    3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 3.0 (2.0, 4.0) 0.288
Practice
1 Are you taking your insulin and/or antidiabetic agents as advised by your caring physician
Yes 157 71.4 71 69.6 86 72.9 0.654
No 63 28.6 31 30.4 32 27.1
2 Are you following the diet schedule recommended to you by your healthcare providers        
Yes 107 48.6 50 49.0 57 48.3 1.000
No 113 51.4 52 51.0 61 51.7
3 Are you performing the regular exercises recommended to you by your healthcare providers
Yes 82 37.3 41 40.2 41 34.7 0.485
No 138 62.7 61 59.8 77 65.3
4 Is your blood glycemia under control
Yes 105 47.7 46 45.1 59 50.0 0.637
No 75 34.1 35 34.3 40 33.9
I am not sure 40 18.2 21 20.6 19 16.1
5 Do you visit your healthcare providers for regular checkups
Yes 144 65.5 63 61.8 81 68.6 0.321
No 76 34.5 39 38.2 37 31.4
Practice score, Median (Q1, Q3)    3.0 (1.0, 4.0) 3.0 (1.5, 4.0) 0.816
  1. Q1: 1st quartile, Q3: 3rd quartile, Median = Q2