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Table 4 Health-related factors and their associations with the QOL of participants

From: The association of health-related factors with quality of life among the elderly population in the Jaffna district of Sri Lanka

Associated factors n % Physical domain
Mean (±SD)
Psychological domain
Mean (±SD)
Social relationship domain
Mean (±SD)
Environmental domain
Mean (±SD)
Overall QOL
Mean (±SD)
Presence of health problem
 Yes 509 62.6 11.1 (2.3) 11.6 (2.8) 9.6 (3.0) 12.0 (2.1) 11.1 (2.2)
 No 304 37.4 13.0 (1.8) 12.5 (2.5) 11.0 (2.8) 12.3 (2.0) 12.2 (2.0)
p-value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.036 < 0.001
At least one ADL limitation
 Yes 55 6.8 8.4 (2.5) 9.8 (2.5) 7.2 (2.0) 10.8 (2.0) 9.1 (1.7)
 No 758 93.2 12.0 (2.0) 12.1 (2.7) 10.3 (3.0) 12.2 (2.0) 11.7 (2.1)
p-value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Satisfaction on health status
 Yes 477 58.8 12.9 (1.8) 12.8 (2.6) 11.0 (3.0) 12.6 (2.0) 12.3 (2.0)
 No 334 41.2 10.1 (1.9) 10.8 (2.6) 8.9 (2.7) 11.4 (2.0) 10.3 (1.8)
p-value    < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Clinic following
 Yes 169 20.9 12.0 (2.5) 13.2 (2.9) 10.6 (3.5) 13.2 (2.2) 12.0 (2.3)
 No 644 79.1 11.7 (2.2) 11.6 (2.6) 10.0 (2.8) 11.8 (1.9) 11.3 (2.0)
p-value    0.143 < 0.001 0.048 < 0.001 < 0.001
Visiting a doctor at least monthly
 Yes 195 24.9 11.7 (2.6) 12.9 (3.0) 10.3 (3.6) 13.1 (2.2) 12.0 (2.4)
 No 589 75.1 11.8 (2.1) 11.6 (2.6) 10.1 (2.8) 11.8 (1.9) 11.3 (2.0)
p-value    0.002 < 0.001 0.331 < 0.001 < 0.001
Addictive substance use
 yes 348 42.8 11.8 (2.3) 11.6 (2.7) 10.0 (3.2) 11.8 (2.0) 11.3 (2.1)
 no 465 57.2 11.8 (2.3) 12.2 (2.8) 10.2 (2.9) 12.3 (2.1) 11.6 (2.1)
p-value    0.849 0.001 0.341 0.001 0.033