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Table 4 Multivariable logistic regression models for SUNa and its different categories of reasons, Iran 2016

From: Socioeconomic determinants of unmet need for outpatient healthcare services in Iran: a national cross-sectional study

  SUN Responsibility-related SUN Acceptability-related SUN
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Male 1   1   1  
 Female 0.90 (0.78–1.02) 0.109 0.89 (0.77–1.03) 0.114 1.02 (0.73–1.44) 0.897
Age
 Under 30 1   1   1  
 30–59 1.19 (1.00–1.42) 0.047 1.13 (0.93–1.36) 0.225 1.61 (1.03–2.51) 0.035
 60 and above 0.84 (0.67–1.05) 0.130 0.71 (0.55–0.92) 0.009 1.77 (1.03–3.05) 0.039
Marital status
 Married 0.86 (0.72–1.04) 0.129 0.87 (0.71–1.07) 0.197 1.24 (0.77–2.00) 0.380
 Widowed or divorced 0.89 (0.69–1.16) 0.408 0.86 (0.64–1.16) 0.319 1.57 (0.85–2.90) 0.151
 Single 1   1   1  
Education
 Illiterate 1.23 (1.02–1.48) 0.034 1.56 (1.26–1.93) < 0.001 0.49 (0.31–0.76) 0.002
 Primary 1.18 (1.00–1.39) 0.045 1.46 (1.21–1.76) < 0.001 0.61 (0.35–0.74) < 0.001
 Secondary 1.00 (0.84–1.20) 0.962 1.19 (0.97–1.46) 0.098 0.70 (0.39–0.95) 0.028
 Diploma or higher 1   1   1  
Employment status
 Employed 1.18 (1.01–1.36) 0.032 1.17 (0.99–1.37) 0.062 1.42 (0.99–2.04) 0.058
 Unemployed 1   1   1  
Area of residence
 Urban 1   1   1  
 Rural 1.08 (0.96–1.21) 0.196 1.07 (0.94–1.21) 0.288 1.17 (0.86–1.59) 0.311
Economic status
 Poorest 1.88 (1.54–2.29) < 0.001 2.35 (1.87–2.96) < 0.001 0.77 (0.43–1.38) 0.373
 Poor 1.42 (1.16–1.73) < 0.001 1.72 (1.36–2.18) < 0.001 0.88 (0.66–1.37) 0.625
 Middle 1.38 (1.14–1.68) < 0.001 1.76 (1.39–2.22) < 0.001 0.82 (0.53–1.26) 0.365
 Rich 1.34 (1.11–1.63) < 0.001 1.53 (1.21–1.93) < 0.001 1.23 (0.80–1.90) 0.336
 Richest 1   1   1 1
Basic health insurance
 Yes 0.82 (0.65–1.02) 0.078 0.76 (0.60–0.97) 0.026 1.14 (0.67–1.93) 0.350
 No 1   1   1  
Complementary health insurance
 Yes 0.75 (0.63–0.89) < 0.001 0.60 (0.49–0.74) < 0.001 1.51 (0.64–1.56) 0.350
 No 1   1   1  
Number of outpatient needs
 One 1   1   1 1
 Two or above 2.58 (2.29–2.90) < 0.001 3.06 (2.69–3.47) < 0.001 1.54 (1.10–2.16) 0.013
 Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test Chi-Square = 8.39,
p-value = 0.396
Chi-Square = 12.40,
p-value = 0.134
Chi-Square = 10.06,
p-value = 0.261
  1. a Subjective Unmet Need
  2. p < 0.05
  3. C.I. Confidence Intervals