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Table 1 Comparison of Arab American and non-Hispanic White populations in the California Health Interview Survey data from 2004 to 2016 with data on influenza vaccination uptake

From: Disparities in influenza vaccination: Arab Americans in California

  Arab (N = 1163) Non-Hispanic White (NHW, N = 166,955)  
Age    p < 0.01
 18–44 512 (65.8) 31,607 (36.6)  
 45+ 651 (34.2) 135,348 (63.4)  
Sex at birth    p = 0.044
 Male 565 (55.0) 68,420 (48.9)  
 Female 598 (45.0) 98,535 (51.1)  
Year of Survey
 2003–2007 509 (43.8) 74,501 (44.6)  
 2008–2012 403 (34.6) 56,633 (33.9)  
 2012–2017 251 (21.6) 35,821 (21.5)  
Marital Status    p < 0.01
 Married 663 (51.7) 84,885 (57.0)  
 Widowed/Separated/Living with Partner 241 (12.2) 61,036 (25.1)  
 Never married 259 (36.1) 21,034 (17.9)  
Education    < 0.01
 High school or less 269 (23.9) 41,978 (28.7)  
 Some college 254 (23.0) 49,273 (27.5)  
 College degree 390 (36.7) 44,102 (26.6)  
 Graduate degree 247 (13.4) 31,528 (17.2)  
Employment Status
 Employed 667 (65.8) 84,878 (61.9)  
 Unemployed 496 (34.2) 82,077 (38.1)  
Poverty Level    p < 0.01
  < 200% of FPL 365 (36.1) 32,149 (17.7)  
  > 200FPL 798 (63.9) 134,806 (82.3)  
Smoking status    p = 0.02
 Current smoker 162 (19.3) 20,501 (14.2)  
 Not current smoker 1001 (80.7) 146,454 (85.8)  
Overweight or obese
 Overweight or obese 704 (56.8) 94,669 (56.3)  
 Not overweight or obese 459 (43.2) 72,286 (43.7)  
Years Living in the US    p < 0.01
 Born in US 405 (37.3) 154,239 (91.3)  
 0–14 years in US 209 (23.6) 1880 (2.1)  
 15+ years in US 549 (39.1) 10,836 (6.6)  
Health Insurance    p < 0.01
 Insured 761 (75.6) 88,330 (85.3)  
 Uninsured 150 (24.4) 12,982 (14.7)