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Table 4 Bivariate Associations with ART Starts and Longest Duration of ART from Negative Binomial Regression

From: Stopping, starting, and sustaining HIV antiretroviral therapy: a mixed-methods exploration among African American/Black and Latino long-term survivors of HIV in an urban context

  ART Starts Longest Duration of Sustained ART
Incidence Rate Ratio (95% CI) p Incidence Rate Ratio (95% CI) p
Age 0.97 (0.96–0.98) <.0001 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.1828
Male 1.37 (1.05–1.77) 0.0143 1.20 (0.95–1.50) 0.1112
Cisgender Sexual Minority vs. Cisgender Het 1.24 (0.97–1.59) 0.0764 1.17 (0.95–1.46) 0.1392
Transgender vs. Cisgender gender identity 2.03 (1.33–3.20) 0.0010 0.99 (0.69–1.48) 0.9660
Non-Latino/Hispanic African American/Black 1.12 (0.86–1.44) 0.3755 0.74 (0.59–0.92) 0.0072
Latino/Hispanic 0.90 (0.69–1.18) 0.4382 1.39 (1.11–1.76) 0.0042
No HS Diploma/GED 0.92 (0.71–1.20) 0.5206 0.88 (0.70–1.10) 0.2418
Ever Homeless 1.46 (0.97–2.14) 0.0536 0.94 (0.66–1.31) 0.7307
Ever Incarcerated 0.80 (0.63–1.02) 0.0654 1.04 (0.84–1.29) 0.6887
Years Since Diagnosis 0.96 (0.95–0.98) <.0001 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.0697
Diagnosed in Jail 0.81 (0.59–1.12) 0.1636 1.01 (0.78–1.33) 0.9379
Diagnosed in Emergency Department 0.98 (0.59–1.69) 0.9227 0.85 (0.56–1.35) 0.4629
Diagnosed in Inpatient Care 0.90 (0.66–1.25) 0.5234 1.15 (0.87–1.53) 0.3241
Co-occurring conditions 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 0.9913 0.99 (0.95–1.03) 0.5119
Adverse Childhood Experiences 1.03 (1.00–1.07) 0.0522 0.99 (0.97–1.02) 0.7092
ART Motivation 0.97 (0.94–1.00) 0.0835 1.07 (1.03–1.10) 0.0001
HIV Care Motivation 0.92 (0.89–0.96) <.0001 1.03 (1.00–1.07) 0.0480
Alcohol at Moderate-to-High-Risk Levels 1.09 (0.86–1.38) 0.4791 0.78 (0.64–0.96) 0.0173
Cannabis at Moderate-to-High-Risk Levels 1.27 (0.99–1.63) 0.0453 0.90 (0.73–1.11) 0.3196
Other Drugs at Moderate-High-Risk Levels 1.04 (0.79–1.34) 0.7832 0.94 (0.75–1.18) 0.6128
Lifetime IDU, but not in the past 3 months 0.58 (0.41–0.84) 0.0026 0.98 (0.72–1.35) 0.8808
IDU in the past 3 months 0.81 (0.55–1.25) 0.3214 1.46 (1.03–2.12) 0.0382
Lifetime Substance Use Treatment 0.86 (0.66–1.13) 0.2689 0.90 (0.71–1.13) 0.3560
Social Support 0.99 (0.99–1.00) 0.1549 0.99 (0.98–1.00) 0.0020
PLWH Network Size (natural log) 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.0937 1.00 (1.00–1.00) 0.2111
ART Stigma 1.08 (1.03–1.15) 0.0036 0.97 (0.93–1.02) 0.2780
Care Stigma 1.07 (1.01–1.14) 0.0127 0.95 (0.91–1.01) 0.0630
Perceived Barriers to Care 0.96 (0.91–1.02) 0.1614 0.96 (0.92–1.01) 0.1271