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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Populations, by Country

From: Intimate partner violence and maternal health services utilization: evidence from 36 National Household Surveys

Country Survey Sample IPV variables Other characteristics  
Any Emotional Physical Sexual Completed Completed Any Married Urban Age Total Wealth
IPV IPV IPV IPV primary secondary tertiary children quintile
year size (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%)    
Afghanistan 2015 14,070 52.3% 32.6% 48.3% 8.1% 10.3% 4.0% 1.7% 99.1% 24.7% 29.5 4.5 2.9
Burkina Faso 2010 7567 15.8% 9.9% 11.4% 1.6% 9.2% 0.5% 0.3% 97.0% 25.1% 28.9 3.8 3.0
Cambodia 2014 1696 24.6% 20.8% 14.4% 4.5% 43.6% 7.4% 3.1% 95.3% 23.8% 29.2 2.5 3.0
Cameroon 2011 2740 55.1% 38.8% 42.1% 14.6% 55.1% 5.0% 3.3% 87.6% 43.9% 27.9 3.7 2.9
Chad 2014–15 2835 29.5% 19.8% 22.6% 8.9% 12.6% 1.5% 0.6% 94.1% 20.6% 28.1 4.6 2.9
Colombia 2015–16 9398 32.8% 18.3% 27.8% 5.0% 89.0% 55.2% 28.4% 74.0% 70.1% 27.5 2.2 2.3
Comoros 2012 1314 9.9% 7.5% 5.8% 1.6% 37.9% 11.0% 7.0% 93.7% 34.7% 29.3 3.7 2.7
Cote d’Ivoire 2011–12 3716 28.4% 15.9% 23.0% 4.6% 17.2% 1.8% 0.9% 86.9% 34.7% 28.9 3.7 2.7
Republic of the Congo 2013–14 4416 55.8% 36.2% 45.5% 25.5% 44.5% 7.1% 1.5% 88.9% 27.9% 28.8 4.0 2.6
Egypt 2014 3581 29.9% 18.3% 24.5% 4.1% 79.5% 61.1% 17.5% 98.2% 42.0% 29.1 2.7 3.2
Gabon 2012 2843 47.8% 29.1% 40.5% 12.6% 64.9% 5.7% 3.6% 75.0% 61.9% 28.7 3.7 2.2
Gambia 2013 2577 29.4% 16.5% 22.5% 3.1% 29.1% 8.0% 2.5% 93.1% 40.3% 29.1 3.8 2.6
Guatemala 2014–15 3671 23.9% 20.0% 13.8% 3.6% 49.1% 12.5% 4.2% 88.6% 36.2% 28.0 2.9 2.7
Haiti 2012 4032 29.5% 22.5% 15.8% 11.5% 38.0% 3.4% 2.5% 87.8% 34.3% 29.5 3.2 2.6
Honduras 2011–12 6872 30.6% 27.2% 16.7% 4.9% 61.6% 13.2% 3.9% 83.8% 33.7% 27.7 2.8 2.5
India 2005–6 25,972 27.5% 11.2% 22.5% 7.2% 51.3% 13.6% 8.7% 98.3% 38.8% 27.2 2.8 3.1
Jordan 2012 4284 29.8% 21.6% 19.2% 7.4% 93.8% 46.5% 34.2% 99.0% 69.4% 31.7 3.7 2.6
Kenya 2014 3013 40.7% 26.6% 32.9% 10.4% 52.0% 16.7% 6.3% 85.1% 34.6% 28.7 3.5 2.6
Kyrgyz Republic 2012 2477 28.3% 10.7% 25.5% 4.2% 99.7% 90.9% 45.9% 95.7% 26.9% 29.3 2.7 2.9
Liberia 2006–07 1525 40.6% 31.6% 29.9% 9.0% 14.3% 1.4% 0.4% 82.8% 21.8% 29.5 4.0 2.3
Malawi 2015–16 3794 40.0% 26.5% 23.9% 19.0% 31.3% 7.5% 1.5% 85.8% 17.0% 27.8 3.2 2.9
Mali 2012–13 2329 44.7% 31.9% 29.8% 14.3% 12.4% 1.7% 0.9% 97.4% 27.7% 28.5 3.9 3.1
Moldova 2005 1138 24.3% 17.7% 16.9% 2.7% 99.0% 39.4% 22.8% 94.0% 55.2% 27.4 1.7 3.4
Namibia 2013 1075 21.2% 14.5% 16.1% 5.2% 74.4% 22.3% 5.5% 55.8% 45.4% 29.4 2.9 2.8
Nepal 2011–12 1512 32.7% 17.3% 23.1% 15.5% 42.7% 15.5% 6.1% 98.7% 22.0% 27.0 2.6 2.7
Nigeria 2013 15,118 25.6% 19.8% 14.9% 5.7% 50.7% 24.4% 7.2% 95.3% 34.8% 29.2 3.9 2.9
Rwanda 2015 855 34.7% 21.9% 26.4% 9.0% 37.0% 5.6% 1.8% 84.6% 21.5% 29.9 2.9 2.9
Sierra Leone 2013 2621 46.4% 25.8% 41.2% 6.4% 21.6% 3.9% 1.5% 88.9% 30.7% 29.4 3.9 2.9
Tajikistan 2012 2283 24.0% 10.6% 19.7% 3.3% 95.9% 57.4% 17.4% 97.6% 36.0% 29.4 2.9 3.3
Tanzania 2015–16 5310 43.4% 30.5% 34.5% 11.6% 67.3% 10.4% 0.6% 84.8% 25.2% 29.3 3.7 3.0
The Philippines 2013 4179 21.1% 15.1% 13.1% 5.6% 86.7% 58.9% 26.6% 93.5% 39.7% 30.2 3.1 2.5
Timor-Leste 2009–10 1579 36.7% 7.4% 34.8% 1.7% 49.3% 16.4% 1.9% 97.0% 22.6% 31.5 4.4 2.8
Togo 2013–14 3851 37.5% 31.4% 21.6% 7.8% 29.6% 2.1% 1.2% 92.6% 31.3% 30.1 3.6 2.8
Uganda 2011 1275 57.3% 40.0% 41.5% 26.3% 34.9% 5.3% 4.2% 87.2% 22.7% 28.5 4.2 2.8
Zambia 2013–14 7415 44.5% 22.7% 36.0% 16.1% 50.0% 9.2% 3.4% 82.4% 39.1% 28.8 3.9 2.7
Zimbabwe 2015 3752 43.2% 29.2% 29.6% 11.0% 87.6% 6.9% 5.8% 86.2% 38.9% 28.7 2.8 3.1
Full sample 2005–16 166,685 34.0% 21.3% 26.0% 8.2% 49.3% 17.8% 8.0% 91.3% 36.3% 28.7 3.4 2.8
  1. Notes: All variables are dichotomous variables. “Any IPV” is any emotional, physical, or sexual violence by partner in lifetime. “Emotional violence” is any emotional violence by partner in lifetime. “Physical violence” is any physical violence by partner in lifetime. “Sexual violence” is any sexual violence by partner in lifetime. Physical violence does not include sexual violence. The variables capturing “completed primary”, “completed secondary”, and “completed tertiary” refer to educational attainment