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Table 1 Characteristics of 207 HIV-infected individuals presenting for initiation of ART in Senegal

From: The impact of food insecurity on HIV outcomes in Senegal, West Africa: a prospective longitudinal study

Total number of participants, N = 207 n %
Enrollment site
 Dakar 84 40.6
 Ziguinchor 123 59.4
Female 144 69.6
Age, median years (IQR) 37 31–46
Age, years
  ≤ 25 27 13.4
 26–35 61 30.3
 36–45 62 30.8
  ≥ 46 51 25.4
HIV type
 HIV-1 180 87.0
 HIV-2 22 10.6
 HIV-1 and HIV-2 5 2.4
Baseline CD4 cell counta, median (IQR) 181 63–382
Baseline CD4 cell counta
 0–199 103 53.4
 200–499 57 29.5
  ≥ 500 33 17.1
WHO clinical stage 3 or 4 87 52.7
Food insecure at baselineb 137 68.8
 Mildly food insecure 16 8.0
 Moderately food insecure 63 31.7
 Severely food insecure 58 29.1
Baseline BMIc, median (IQR) 19.60 16.65–22.98
Baseline BMIc
  < 18.50 71 40.6
 18.50–24.99 81 46.3
 25.00–29.99 16 9.1
  ≥ 30.00 7 4.0
Undernourishedd 76 38.4
Highest educational level obtained
 No formal education 56 32.2
 Any primary school 68 39.1
 Any secondary school 50 28.7
Unemployed 160 86.5
Practice agriculture 46 23.1
Own livestock 79 39.5
Married 107 55.2
Number of children, median (IQR; range) 2 1–4; 0–10
Household size, median (IQR) 7 5–12
Household daily food expenditure per person, USD median (IQR) $0.58 $0.27 - $0.97
Household daily food expenditure per person, USD
  < $0.25 31 21.7
 $0.25 - $0.49 30 21.0
 $0.50 - $0.99 48 33.6
  ≥ $1.00 34 23.8
Transportation time to HIV clinic, median minutes (IQR) 90 30–240
Transportation time, minutes
  ≤ 60 87 44.6
 61–120 36 18.5
  > 120 72 36.9
Transportation cost to HIV clinic, USD median (IQR) $1.74 $0.70 - $1.83
Transportation cost, USD
  < $1.00 67 35.4
 $1.00 - $2.49 86 45.5
  ≥ $2.50 36 19.0
Have not disclosed HIV status to anyone 74 46.5
  1. aMissing data for 14 participants; bMissing data for 8 participants; cBMI among non-pregnant participants ≥18 years of age, N = 175; dMissing data for 9 participants