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Table 2 Characteristics of Included Studies

From: Parental appearance teasing in adolescence and associations with eating problems: a systematic review

Studies Aims Sample Methodology
Authors (Year) (Country) Specific to parent teasing Number, Population, Mean Age Study style; Statistical analysis used; What adjusted for; Specific teasing and eating pathology and teasing measures.
Haines et al. (2010) [26]
(USA)
To identify shared risk and protective factors for purging, binge eating and overweight. 10,540 mixed gender (n=6022 female) offspring of Nurses’ Health study (NHS II) and Growing Up Today Study (GUTS)
11-17 years of age.
Female M=13.9 (SD=1.6) Male M=13.8 (SD=1.5)
Cross Sectional Prospective design; Generalized estimating equations; Weight-Related Teasing (W-RT); Self-report questionnaires: Youth risk Behaviour Survey, McKnight Risk Factor Survey; Self-report BMI.
Keery et al. (2005) [9]
(USA)
Evaluated prevalence and effect of teasing by family members on body dissatisfaction, eating disturbance and psychological functioning. 372 female American adolescents.
Non-clinical school population.
11- 15 years of age.
M=12.6 SD=0.90.
Cross-sectional study; Regression Analysis; Appearance-related Teasing (A-RT); Self-report questionnaires: Perceptions of teasing scale – weight-teasing frequency, The Eating Disorder Inventory – BD, The Eating Disorder Inventory – DT, The Eating Disorder Inventory – B; Self-report BMI.
Olvera et al. (2013) [27]
(USA)
Assessed association among parent and peer W-RT and disordered eating symptoms in a population of young adults. 141 female Hispanic and African American adolescents Healthy lifestyle / weight loss population.
9-14 years of age. M=11.1 SD=1.5 (10%<9 years)
Cross-sectional exploratory study; Regression Analysis; Weight-Related Teasing (W-RT); Self-report questionnaires: Variation of McKnight Risk Factor Survey-IV; Practitioner measured BMI.
Pearlman et al. (2019) [28]
(USA)
Examined W-BT from parents and siblings in relation to disordered eating and psychosocial indices among adolescent military dependents at high risk for adult obesity and eating disorders. 128 mixed gender Military dependents. 54% female.
12-17 years of age
M=14.35 years old, SD=1.55
Cross-sectional study; Exploratory analysis of covariance; Weight-Based Teasing (W-BT); Self-report questionnaires: Family Weight-Based Victimization Scale, Eating Disorder Examination interview; Self-report BMI.
Pötzsch et al. (2018) [47]
(Germany)
Aimed to examine adolescents’ perceived Weight teasing and perception of adolescent and maternal perspective of weight bias 90 mixed gender adolescents
OW and BED n=40, OW n=25, NW = 25
78.9% female.
12-20 years of age
OW & BED – M=14.58 SD=2.39
OW – M=14.53 SD=2.55
NW – M= 15.84 SD=2.67
Cross-sectional study; Weight-Based Teasing (W-BT); self-report questionnaires: One item modified from Perception of Teasing Scale (POTS) - with parents as source of teasing; Weight Bias Internalization scale (WBIS ) and the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q); attitudes Towards Obese Person Scale (ATOP); Beliefs About Obese Persons Scale (BAOP); Self-report BMI.
Webb et al. (2020) [48]
(Australia)
Investigated change in emotional eating while also testing the influence of social-emotional risk factors. 379 mixed gender adolescents.
56% female
0-13 years of age M = 12.0, SD = 90
Cross Sectional Prospective design; multi-level modelling, and standard multiple regression; Appearance-related Teasing (A-RT); Weight Teasing Sub-scale of Perception of Teasing Scale (POTS) - with parents and peers as source of teasing; Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), Mood and Feelings Questionnaire, Social Anxiety Scale for Children. Practitioner measured BMI.
  1. A-RT Appearance related teasing, W-BT weight based teasing, W-RT, weight related teasing, OW overweight, BED binge eating disorder, NW normal weight