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Table 1 Individual PAFs attributable to excess weight, alcohol intake, tobacco smoking and physical inactivity in Malaysia in 2018

From: Burden of cancers attributable to modifiable risk factors in Malaysia

Exposure Category Attribution to Cancer Incidence in 2018
Males Females Persons
  PAF, % (95% CI) Number, N (95% CI) PAF, % (95% CI) Number, N (95% CI) PAF, % (95% CI) Number, N (95% CI)
BMI (over weight and obesity) 5.5(2.7–8.8) 979 (472–1561) 7.9 (4.8–11.3) 1652 (990–2349) 7.0 (4.1–10.2) 2684 (1568–3905)
Alcohol intake 1.3 (0.5–2.4) 225 (78–413) 0.3 (0.1–0.5) 53 (19–108) 0.6 (0.2–1.0) 219 (85–386)
Physical Inactivity 0.7 (0.3–1.1) 116 (56–183) 1.3 (0.4–2.2) 263 (75–459) 1.0 (0.4–1.7) 385 (136–654)
Smoking (current and former smoking) 33.6 (22.9–39.7) 5933 (4047–7014) 1.2 (0.6–2.0) 252 (121–422) 14.3(9.9–17.3) 5485 (3812–6654)