Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds ratio for triple burden of malnutrition by background characteristic for mother-child pairs in India, 2015–16

From: Prevalence and factors associated with triple burden of malnutrition among mother-child pairs in India: a study based on National Family Health Survey 2015–16

Variables AOR (95% CI)
Mother level factors
Age of the mother (in years)
 15–24®  
 25–34 1.65***(1.56–1.76)
  > =35 2.56***(2.34–2.80)
Age at first birth (in years)
  < =19®  
 20–29 0.90***(0.85–0.95)
  > =30 0.86**(0.76–0.97)
Educational level
 No education®  
 Primary 1.12***(1.04–1.22)
 Secondary 1.15***(1.08–1.23)
 Higher 1.04 (0.95–1.14)
Currently breastfeeding
 No 0.90***(0.84–0.95)
 Yes®  
C-section delivery
 No®  
 Yes 1.57***(1.49–1.66)
Child level factors
Child’s age (in months)
   < =12®  
  13–23 1.24***(1.13–1.36)
  24–35 1.40***(1.28–1.54)
  36–47 1.67***(1.52–1.84)
  48–59 1.54***(1.39–1.70)
Sex of the child
  Male®
  Female 0.97 (0.93–1.01)
Received Vitamin A
  No®  
  Yes 1.02 (0.97–1.07)
Birth size
  Average®  
  Larger than average 1.00 (0.95–1.06)
  Smaller than average 1.12***(1.04–1.19)
Household level factors
Wealth index
  Poor®  
  Middle 1.79***(1.68–1.92)
  Rich 1.93***(1.8–2.07)
Caste
  Scheduled Caste 1.11***(1.04–1.20)
  Scheduled Tribe 0.75***(0.68–0.82)
  Other Backward Class 1.04 (0.98–1.10)
  Others®  
Religion
  Hindu®  
  Muslim 1.58***(1.49–1.67)
  Others 1.34***(1.24–1.46)
Place of residence
  Urban®  
  Rural 0.72***(0.68–0.76)
Region
  North®  
  Central 1.07**(1.04–1.15)
  East 0.83***(0.76–0.90)
  Northeast 0.86***(0.78–0.94)
  West 1.20***(1.10–1.31)
  South 1.41***(1.31–1.53)
  1. ® References, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI confidence Interval
  2. ***if p < 0.01, **if p < 0.05, *if p < 0.1
  3. C-section delivery Cesarean section delivery