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Table 1 Socio-demographic profile of mother-child pairs in India, 2015–16

From: Prevalence and factors associated with triple burden of malnutrition among mother-child pairs in India: a study based on National Family Health Survey 2015–16

Variables Frequency (%)
OM/SC
 Not stunted 162,286 (95.8)
 Stunted 6498 (4.2)
OM/UC
 Not underweight 163,988 (96.7)
 Underweight 4796 (3.3)
OM/WC
 Not wasted 165,927 (98.0)
 Wasted 2857 (2.0)
OM/AC
 Not anemic 156,702 (92.2)
 Anemic 12,082 (7.8)
TBM
 Normal 160,198 (94.3)
 OM/SC/WC/UC & AC 8586 (5.7)
Mother level factors
Age of the women (in years)
  15–24 51,072 (32.6)
  25–34 101,665 (59.4)
   > =35 16,047 (8.1)
Age at first birth (in years)
   < =19 58,881 (36.7)
  20–29 104,788 (61.0)
   > =30 5115 (2.4)
Educational level
  No education 49,762 (28.3)
  Primary 24,297 (13.9)
  Secondary 78,192 (46.9)
  Higher 16,533 (10.9)
Currently breastfeeding
  No 94,147 (56.9)
  Yes 74,637 (43.1)
C-section delivery
  No 144,101 (82.0)
  Yes 24,683 (18.0)
Child level factors
Child’s age (in months)
   < =12 22,801 (13.5)
  13–23 33,654 (19.9)
  24–35 35,965 (21.4)
  36–47 38,725 (23.0)
  48–59 37,639 (22.3)
Sex of the child
  Male 89,311 (53.0)
  Female 79,473 (47.0)
Received Vitamin A
  No 54,891 (29.6)
  Yes 113,893 (70.4)
Size at birth
  Average 117,136 (67.9)
  Larger than average 28,890 (19.3)
  Smaller than average 22,758 (12.8)
Household level factors
Wealth index
  Poor 80,427 (45.2)
  Middle 34,276 (20.1)
  Rich 54,081 (34.7)
Caste
  Scheduled Caste 32,101 (21.7)
  Scheduled Tribe 31,922 (10.1)
  Other Backward Class 66,957 (44.1)
  Others 37,804 (24.1)
Religion
  Hindu 124,060 (79.4)
  Muslim 25,541 (15.8)
  Others 19,183 (4.9)
Place of residence
  Urban 42,041 (29.1)
  Rural 126,743 (70.9)
Region
  North 32,733 (13.4)
  Central 48,169 (26.3)
  East 35,225 (25.6)
  Northeast 23,235 (3.5)
  West 12,001 (12.8)
  South 17,421 (18.4)
  1. OM/SC Overweight/obese mother and stunted child, OM/WC overweight/obese mother and wasted child, OM/UC overweight/obese mother and underweight child, OM/AC overweight/obese mother and anemic child and Trible burden of Malnutrition (OM/SC/WC/UC &AC), TBM Triple Burden of Malnutrition, C-section Caesarean section