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Table 2 Factors associated with the apostolic sector analyzed separately for males and females from ZDHS 2015–16 data

From: Understanding HIV and associated risk factors among religious groups in Zimbabwe

Variable Females n (%) Males n (%)
Apostolics Other religion P value Apostolics Other religion P value
Ever heard about HIV
 No 55 (1.4) 34 (0.6)   27 (1.2) 28 (0.5)  
 Yes 3774 (98.6) 6092 (99.4) 0.011 2480 (98.8) 5861 (99.5) 0.002
Ever tested for HIV
 No 805 (21.9) 1085 (17.5)   1016 (42.0) 1873 (32.2)  
 Yes 3024 (78.1) 5041 (82.5) 0.006 1491 (58.0) 4016 (67.8) 0.001
Know where to get tested
 No 126 (3.6) 124 (2.3)   150 (6.2) 170 (3.0)  
 Yes 496 (96.4) 5947 (97.7) 0.001 2330 (93.8) 5691 (97.0) 0.001
HIV transmission can be reduced by having 1 sexual partner
 No 7282 (7.6) 330 (5.4)   145 (5.8) 251 (4.7)  
 Yes 3434 (90.8) 5705 (93.5)   2312 (93.3) 5576 (94.7)  
 Don’t know 58 (1.6) 57 (1.1) 0.023 23 (1.0) 34 (0.7) 0.062
Condom use reduces HIV
 No 519 (13.9) 705 (11.8)   300 (11.8) 517 (9.1)  
 Yes 3125 (82.1) 5282 (86.0)   2146 (86.6) 5298 (90.1)  
 Don’t know 130 (4.0) 105 (2.2) 0.006 34 (1.6) 46 (0.8) 0.001
Men can reduce HIV transmission by being circumcised
 No 672 (18.2) 829 (13.7)   446 (18.3) 925 (15.5)  
 Yes 2733 (71.1) 4794 (77.6)   1907 (76.5) 4694 (79.7)  
 Don’t know 369 (10.7) 469 (8.6) 0.001 127 (5.3) 242 (4.8) 0.016
Circumcised men who have sex without condom can get HIV/AIDS
 No 981 (26.5) 1029 (17.4)   329 (13.2) 626 (10.5)  
 Yes 2210 (56.1) 4357 (68.7)   2016 (81.2) 5011 (85.1)  
 Don’t know 583 (17.4) 706 (12.9) 0.001 135 (5.6) 224 (4.4) 0.001
Can get HIV from sharing food
 No 3371 (89.1) 5672 (93.2)   2197 (88.8) 5268 (90.0)  
 Yes 312 (8.2) 343 (5.3)   220 (8.6) 490 (8.1)  
 Don’t know 91 (2.7) 77 (1.5) 0.001 63 (2.6) 103 (1.9) 0.134
Can get HIV by witchcraft or supernatural means
 No 3456 (91.8) 5696 (93.8)   2279 (92.2) 5403 (92.5)  
 Yes 239 (6.0) 306 (4.6)   146 (5.5) 353 (5.6)  
 Don’t know 79 (2.2) 90 (1.6) 0.001 55 (2.4) 105 (1.9) 0.442
A healthy person can be HIV infected
 No 604 (15.7) 680 (11.3)   311 (13.1) 580 (10.3)  
 Yes 3131 (83.1) 365 (87.8)   2150 (85.9) 5242 (88.9)  
 Don’t know 39 (1.2) 47 (0.9) 0.001 19 (1.0) 39 (0.8) 0.005
Would be ashamed if a family member gets infected with HIV
 Disagree 3253 (85.4) 5469 (89.0)   1946 (81.5) 4942 (77.4)  
 Agree 511 (14.4) 607 (10.7)   523 (22.2) 895 (16.0)  
 Don’t know 10 (0.2) 16 (0.3) 0.001 11 (0.4) 24 (0.56) 0.001
Would buy vegetables from a vendor with HIV
 No 61 (23.4) 968 (16.4)   464 (18.3) 923 (15.3)  
 Yes 2888 (76.0) 5093 (82.9)   2002 (81.2) 4879 (83.7)  
 Don’t know 25 (0.6) 31 (0.7) 0.001 14 (0.5) 59 (1.0) 0.001
Children with HIV should be allowed to attend school with children without
 No 324 (8.7) 312 (4.6)   245 (9.2) 486 (8.1)  
 Yes 3409 (90.1) 5741 (94.6)   2211 (89.9) 5341 (91.2)  
 Don’t know 41 (1.2) 39 (0.8) 0.001 24 (0.9) 34 (0.7) 0.201
Wife justified to ask husband to use a condom if he has an STI
 No 509 (12.9) 662 (10.2)   397 (16.0) 670 (12.3)  
 Yes 3240 (84.8) 5372 (88.2)   2076 (82.6) 5164 (86.7)  
 Don’t know 80 (2.3) 92 (1.6) 0.040 34 (1.4) 55 (1.0) 0.001
Responded circumcised
 No     2196 (88.7) 4861 (84.2)  
 Yes     306 (11.2) 1021 (15.7)  
 Don’t know     5 (0.2) 7 (0.1) 0.001