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Table 2 Characteristics of the sample and conditions of detention

From: Beyond torture checklists: an exploratory study of the reliability and construct validity of the Torturing Environment Scale (TES)

Sex n (%) Men 159 (79.1)
Women 42 (20.9)
Age median (IQR) 54 (39–60)
Level of education n (%) Primary 34 (16.9)
Secondary 102 (50.7)
Tertiary 65 (32.3)
Age at detention median (IQR) 24 (22.3)
Year of detention n (%) Before 1979 34 (16.9)
1980–1989 71 (35.3)
1990–1999 33 (16.4)
After 2000 63 (31.3)
Security forces involved in the detention n (%) Civil Guard 77 (38.3)
National Police 62 (30.8)
Ertzaintza (Basque Police) 19 (9.5)
More than one detention 43 (21.4)
After interrogation n (%) Freedom without charge 71 (35.3)
Freedom with charge 13 (6.5)
Pre-trial detention 117 (58.2)
Days in incommunicado detention median (IQR) 4 (3–6)
Total n (%) 201 (100)
  1. IQR Interquartile range