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Table 4 The determinants of anemia in women in Bangladesh (obtained from ordinal logistic regression models) (N = 5886)

From: Inequality, chronic undernutrition, maternity, and diabetes mellitus as the determinant of anemia among ever-married women in Bangladesh

  Model 1   Model 2   Model 3   Model 4  
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P
Value
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P
Value
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P
Value
Odds ratio
(95% CI)
P
Value
Socioeconomic status
 Low 1.90 (1.65,2.17) < 0.01 1.69 (1.43,1.99) < 0.01 1.36 (0.85,2.15) 0.20 1.23 (0.69, 1.83) 0.62
 Medium 1.41 (1.12,1.78) < 0.01 1.35 (1.07,1.70) < 0.01 1.15 (0.6,2.19) 0.66 1.11 (0.58, 2.11) 0.76
 High 1   1   1   1  
 Socio-demographic factors         
Education
 No education    1.22 (1.05,1.42) < 0.01 1.21 (0.79,1.84) 0.37 1.17 (.76, .80) 0.46
 Completed primary    1.15 (1.01, 1.31) 0.03 1.25 (0.82,1.91) 0.30 1.29 (.8,1.88) 0.35
 Completed secondary or higher    1   1    
Place of residence
 Rural    1.07 (0.94,1.22) 0.30 1.06 (0.72,1.54) 0.78 .99 (67,1.46) 0.96
 Urban    1   1   1  
Currently working
 Yes    1.05 (.90,1.23) 0.49 1.08 (0.68,1.53) 0.94 0.99 (.67,1.46) 0.98
 No    1     1  
Sex of house old head
 Female    .93 (0.78,1.12) 0.45 .79 (0.50,1.27) 0.34 .82 (0.65,1.50) 0.41
 Male    1   1   1  
Number of child
 No child    1   1   1  
 One    0.99 (0.89,1.12 0.96 0.96 (0.69,1.33) 0.81 0.95 (0.69,1.32) 0.77
 Two    0.90 (0.75,1.07) 0.24 1.21 (0.73,2.01) 0.45 1.23 (0.74,2.06) 0.42
 Three or more    1.01 (0.73,1.40) 0.94 1.08 (0.39,2.97) 0.88 1.06 (0.38,2.92) 0.91
Age
 Early reproductive    1   1   1  
 Middle reproductive    0.92 (0.78,1.07) 0.26 0.77 (0.49,1.22) 0.27 .83 (0.52,1.32) 0.44
 Late reproductive    0.79 (0.64,0.99) 0.04 0.59**(0.37,0.93) 0.02 .62 (0.39,0.98) 0.04
 Early premenopause    1.12 (0.88,1.42) 0.35 0.89 (0.55,1.44) 0.63 .94 (0.58,1.53) 0.81
 Late premenopause    1.10 (0.86,1.43) 0.43 0.76 (0.82,1.48) 0.53 .71 (0.73, 1.36) 0.17
Family size
 Small    1   1 1 1  
 Large    1.01 (0.87,1.16) 0.91 1.05 (0.69,1.59) 1.05 1.06 (.70,1.61) 0.79
Diabetics and Maternity status
Maternity status         
  Pregnant      1.74 (1.12, 4.20) < 0.01 1.7 (1.12,4.02) 0.03
  Lactating      1.62 (1.09,3.70) 0.03 1.47 (0 .11,3.99) 0.14
  Neither      1   1  
Fasting plasma glucose levels
 Normal      1   1  
 Prediabetic      .67 (0.39,1.15) 0.15 .68 (0.39, 1.70) 0.17
 Diabetic      1.67 (0.78,3.49) 0.18 1.74 (1.02, 3.68) 0.04
Nutritional status
 BMI         
 Underweight (< 18.50)        1.34 (.92,1.96) 0.04
 Normal (18.50, 24.99)        1  
 Overweight (25,30)        .62 (.39,0.97) 0.13
 Obese (> 30)        .66 (.30,1.45) 0.30