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Table 2 Percentages of women with anemia by standard of explanatory variables (N = 5886)

From: Inequality, chronic undernutrition, maternity, and diabetes mellitus as the determinant of anemia among ever-married women in Bangladesh

   Anemia status by hemoglobin level%   
Variable n (%) Not anemic Mild Moderate/
Sever
Chi-square result P value
Socio-economic status
 Low 4265 (72.46) 54.59 37.50 7.90 92.63 <.01
 Medium 434 (7.37) 59.38 37.05 3.57   
 High 1187 (20.17) 70.94 24.00 5.06   
Socio-demographic factors
 Highest Education level       
 No education 2605 (44.26) 54.46 37.00 8.54 46.88 <.01
 Completed primary 2553 (43.37) 59.78 34.23 5.98   
 Completed secondary or higher 728 (12.37) 67.57 27.67 4.76   
Place of residence
 Rural 3863 (65,63) 55.92 36.81 7.27 26.11 <.01
 Urban 2023 (34.37) 62.91 30.50 6.52   
Employment status
 Employed 853 (85.49) 58.35 34.62 7.04 0.50 .80
 Not employed 5027 (14.51) 57.33 35.68 6.99   
Sex of house old head
 Male 5301 (90.06) 57.95 34.86 7.18 1.93 .38
 Female 585 (9.94) 61.12 33.52 5.36   
Number of child
 No child 2903 (39.10 58.09 35.01 6.90 2.49 .87
 One 2145 (36.44) 57.61 35.01 7.39   
 Two 670 (11.38) 60.87 32.34 6.80   
 Three or more 168 (2.85) 58.20 36.38 5.42   
Age
 Early reproductive 889 (15.10) 57.13 35.18 7.69 16.13 .04
 Middle reproductive 3502 (59.50) 58.68 34.65 6.67   
 Late reproductive 637 (10.82) 62.70 31.21 6.09   
 Early premenopause 488 (8.29) 52.78 34.21 9.01   
 Late premenopause 370 (6.29) 56.01 36.20 7.79   
Family size
 Small 4835 (82.14) 57.93 34.77 7.30 3.24 .19
 Large 1051 (17.86) 69.60 34.62 5.78   
Maternity status
 Pregnant 372 (6.32) 47.92 38.20 13.88 83.17 .01
 Lactating 1356 (23.06) 58.10 34.11 7.79   
 Neither 4158 (70.06) 61.61 32.29 6.10   
 Diabetes
  Normal 5076 (86.25) 59.67 33.59 6.74 1.26 .04
  Prediabetic 523 (8.87) 60.89 35.10 4.01   
  Diabetic 287 (4.86) 59.95 32.70 7.36   
BMI**
 Underweight (< 18.50) 1395 (23.86) 49.58 42.26 8.15 94.68 <.01
 Normal (18.50, 24.99) 3422 (58.20) 58.44 34.22 7.35   
 Overweight (25,30) 886 (14.81) 68.91 26.22 4.87   
 Obese (> 30) 183 (3.13) 72.70 34.67 2.63   
  1. **Weight gain was adjusted incase of pregnancy to calculate the BMI [29], that also adopt by BDHS [15]