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Table 1 Characteristics of the survey cohort

From: Impacts of the Covid-19 lockdown and relevant vulnerabilities on capability well-being, mental health and social support: an Austrian survey study

  Covid-19 Study
n = 560
Austrian population
n % %
Gender
 Female 416 74% 51%
 Male 143 26% 49%
 Diverse 1 0%  
 Missing 0 0%  
Age
 18–29 97 17% 18%
 30–49 319 57% 34%
 50–64 124 22% 26%
 65–79 13 2% 23%
 Missing 7 1%  
Federal state
 Burgenland 12 2% 3%
 Carinthia 41 7% 6%
 Lower Austria 109 20% 19%
 Upper Austria 66 12% 17%
 Salzburg 25 5% 6%
 Styria 63 11% 14%
 Tyrol 24 4% 9%
 Vorarlberg 5 1% 4%
 Vienna 215 38% 21%
 Missing 0 0%  
Migration background
 EU-Members before 2004/EWR/Switzerland 33 6% 3%
 EU-Members joined 2004 and after 14 3% 5%
 Former Yugoslavia (not-EU), Turkey 7 1% 3%
 Other countries 12 2% 5%
 Austrian roots 489 87% 84%
 Missing 5 1%  
Education
 Primary education 13 2% 26%
 Vocational school for apprentices 68 12% 32%
 Intermediate technical and vocational school 45 8% 14%
 General secondary education and vocational colleges 132 24% 15%
 Higher education 302 54% 13%
 Missing 0 0%  
Employment status
 Housekeeping 28 5% 2%
 Student 37 7% 4%
 Employed 410 73% 64%
 Self-employed 37 7% 9%
 Unemployed 16 3% 2%
 Retired 25 4% 19%
 Missing 7 1%  
Family status
 Single 204 36%  
 Married or registered partnership, living together 266 48%  
 Married or registered partnership, living separately 20 4%
 Widowed 6 1%  
 Divorced 46 8%  
 Missing 18 3%  
Children
 Yes 311 56%  
 No 245 44%  
 Missing 4 1%  
Categorised as ‘at risk’ groupa
 Yes 72 13%  
 No 486 87%  
 Missing 2 0%  
Received mental health treatment before the pandemic
 Yes 97 17%  
 No 456 81%  
 Missing 7 1%  
Received mental health treatment during the pandemic lockdown
 Yes 34 6%  
 No 518 93%  
 Missing 7 1%  
Direct Covid-19 experience 39 7%  
 Tested positive for Covid-19 7 1%  
 Experienced symptoms of Covid-19, not tested 32 6%  
 Missing 0 0%  
Indirect Covid-19 experienceb 110 20%  
 Close friend tested positive for Covid-19 46 9%  
 Family member tested positive for Covid-19 32 6%  
 Knew someone who died of Covid-19 44 8%  
 Missing 0 0%  
Employment status affected by Covid-19 84 15%  
 Fired from job 15 3%  
 Short-time working 69 12%  
 Missing 6 1%  
Critical worker
 Yes 214 38%  
 No 330 59%  
 Missing 16 3%  
OxCAP-MH score (mean, SD) 74.10 12.30  
 Missing 0 0%  
HADS-D (mean, SD) 4.72 4.09  
 HADS depression score normal (0–7) 436 78%  
 HADS depression score borderline (8–10) 62 11%  
 HADS depression score abnormal (11–21) 61 11%  
 Missing 1 0%  
HADS-A (mean, SD) 6.26 4.19  
 HADS anxiety score normal (0–7) 362 65%  
 HADS anxiety score borderline (8–10) 108 19%  
 HADS anxiety score abnormal (11–21) 89 16%  
 Missing 1 0%  
MSPSS score (mean, SD) 5.64 1.23  
 MSPSS high support (5.1–7) 416 74%  
 MSPSS moderate support (3–5) 112 20%  
 MSPSS low support (0–2.99) 22 4%  
 Missing 10 2%  
WHO-5 score (mean, SD) 15.10 4.80  
 Missing 10 2%  
  1. a Participants were categorised as ‘at risk’ group if they were aged 65 or more, and/or they self-reported at least one of the listed diseases: heart/cardiovascular disease, stroke/cerebrovascular disease, lung disease (e.g. asthma, cystic fibrosis, COPD), liver disease (e.g. hepatitis), cancer;
  2. b Respondents included in “direct Covid-19 experience” variable were excluded from this group