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Table 4 Socio-demographic determinants of HIV Prevalence among male injecting drug users, Pokhara Valley (Nepal)

From: Trends and determinants of HIV transmission among men who inject drugs in the Pokhara Valley, Nepal: analysis of cross-sectional studies

  OR (95% CI)      
2007 2009 2011 2015 2017 2007–2017
Socio-demographic Factors
Age
  Below Median Age 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Above Median Age 4.47 (1.73–11.53) 4.41 (1.40–13.94) 5.43 (1.51–19.50) 9.47 (2.12–42.48) 5.75 (3.19–10.36)
Educational achievement Status
  Primary or lower 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Secondary or higher 0.35 (0.16–0.80) 0.21 (0.08–0.59) 0.46 (0.15–1.38) 0.43 (0.10–1.76) 0.52 (0.16–1.66) 0.36 (0.23–0.57)
Marital Status
  Not married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Married 1.15 (0.51–2.71) 1.17 (0.42–3.28) 1.50 (0.53–4.26) 18.62 (2.28–151.90) 3.26 (1.17–9.08) 1.94 (1.25–3.02)
Living with sexual partner situation
  Yes 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  No 1.12 (0.47–2.68) 1 (0.34–2.93) 0.63 (0.22–1.78) 0.24 (0.06–0.93) 0.49 (0.17–1.46) 0.70 (0.44–1.13)
  1. Logistic regression models were estimated using the combined datasets from 2007 to 2017 with year being adjusted for as a confounder. The models examined socio-demographic factors and whether these acted as determinants of HIV status over the period of 2007–2017. The 2003 and 2005 datasets were excluded from this analysis as the inflated prevalence of HIV in those years would have skewed the results. Some variables presented in Tables 1-3 were excluded from models due to small case numbers and unstable estimates