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Table 1 Prevalence of HIV based on selected socio-demographic characteristics of IBBS participants, Pokhara Valley (Nepal)

From: Trends and determinants of HIV transmission among men who inject drugs in the Pokhara Valley, Nepal: analysis of cross-sectional studies

  2003    2005    2007    2009    2011    2015    2017   
n(a) N(b) % (95% CI) n N % (95% CI) n N % (95% CI) n N % (95% CI) n N % (95% CI) n N % (95% CI) n N % (95% CI)
Age
 Below median 21 161 13.0 (8.3–19.2) 19 164 11.6 (7.1–17.5) 6 163 3.7 (1.4–7.8) 4 167 2.4 (0.7–6.0) 3 186 1.6 (0.3–4.6) 0 180 0.0 (0.0–2.0) 2 185 1.1 (0.1–3.9)
 Above median 45 139 32.4 (24.7–40.8) 46 136 33.8 (25.9–42.4) 20 137 14.6 (9.2–21.6) 13 133 9.8 (5.3–16.1) 13 159 8.2 (4.4–13.6) 9 165 5.5 (2.5–10.1) 15 160 9.4 (5.3–15.0)
Educational achievement
 Primary or lower 20 100 20.0 (12.7–29.2) 28 114 24.6 (17.0–33.5) 14 94 14.9 (8.4–23.7) 11 90 12.2 (6.3–20.8) 5 62 8.1 (2.7–17.8) 3 62 4.8 (1.0–13.5) 4 49 8.2 (2.3–19.6)
 Secondary or higher 46 200 23.0 (17.4–29.5) 37 186 19.9 (14.4–26.4) 12 206 5.8 (3.0–10.0) 6 210 2.9 (1.1–6.1) 11 283 3.9 (2.0–6.8) 6 283 2.1 (0.8–4.6) 13 296 4.4 (2.4–7.4)
Marital status
 Married 39 218 17.9 (13.0–23.6) 39 213 18.3 (13.4–24.2) 10 105 9.5 (4.7–16.8) 6 96 6.3 (2.3–13.1) 6 100 6.0 (2.2–12.6) 8 109 7.3 (3.2–14.0) 11 129 8.5 (4.3–14.7)
 Not married 27 82 32.9 (22.9–44.2) 26 87 29.9 (20.5–40.6) 16 195 8.2 (4.8–13.0) 11 204 5.4 (2.7–9.4) 10 245 4.1 (2.0–7.4) 1 236 0.4 (0.0–2.3) 6 216 2.8 (1.0–5.9)
Living with sexual partner
 Yes 23 80 28.8 (19.2–40.0) 25 85 29.4 (20.0–40.3) 8 99 8.1 (3.6–15.3) 5 88 5.7 (1.9–12.8) 6 96 6.3 (2.3–13.1) 5 83 6.0 (2.0–13.5) 5 61 8.2 (2.7–18.1)
 No 39 220 17.7 (12.9–23.4) 40 215 18.6 (13.6–24.5) 18 201 9.0 (5.4–13.8) 12 212 5.7 (3.0–9.7) 10 249 4.0 (1.9–7.3) 4 262 1.5 (0.4–3.9) 12 284 4.2 (2.2–7.3)
Total 66 300 22.0 (17.4–27.1) 65 300 21.7 (17.1–26.7) 26 300 8.7 (5.7–12.4) 17 300 5.7 (3.3–8.9) 16 345 11.3 (2.7–7.4) 9 345 2.6 (1.2–4.9) 17 345 4.9 (2.9–7.8)
  1. n Number of HIV cases, N Total number of participants, IBBS Integrated Biological Behavioural Surveys
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