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Table 4 Regression model on factors affecting stress, anxiety, and depression

From: An investigation of depression, anxiety, and stress and its relating factors during COVID-19 pandemic in Iran

variables Stress Score Anxiety Score Depression Score
Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI Coef. 95% CI
Education level 0.085 −0.104; 0.274 − 0.135 − 0.252; − 0.017 − 0.143 − 0.263; − 0.022
Gender (male) −0.773 −1.299; − 0.248 NI NI NI NI
Marital status (single) NI NI 0.102 −0.258; 0.461 0.089 −0.274; 0.452
Change in income (without a job)    NI NI   
 Decreased 0.072 −0.519; 0.664    0.121 −0.359; 0.600
 Without change −0.309 − 0.854; 0.235    0.146 −0.295; 0.587
 Increased −0.525 −2.196; 1.146    −0.003 −1.346; 1.340
Exposure to infected case 0.023 −0.505; 0.550 0.155 −0.263; 0.573 NI NI
Exposure to people with Covid-19 symptom 0.217 −0.478; 0.913 NI NI NI NI
Having a high-risk family member 0.863 0.325; 1.400 0.730 0.0301; 1.160 0.723 0.292; 1.155
Perceived health status −0.726 −0.857; − 0.595 −0.577 − 0.682; − 0.471 −0.581 − 0.687; − 0.476
Perceived economic status −0.268 − 0.396; − 0.141 −0.090 − 0.190; 0.011 −0.093 − 0.197; 0.011
Perceived social capital −0.359 − 0.475; − 0.244 −0.142 − 0.236; − 0.048 −0.141 − 0.235; − 0.048
Perceived risk of disease 0.405 0.081; 0.729 0.413 0.154; 0.674 0.406 0.144; 0.667
Following Covid-19 news 0.331 0.111; 0.551 0.224 0.046; 0.401 0.230 0.053; 0.408
Constant 19.228 16.888; 21;568 12.521 10.717; 14.325 12.988 10.975; 15.002
Prob > F < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
R-squared 0.2306 0.1761 0.1765
Adj R-squared 0.2219 0.1696 0.1678
  1. Coef. Coefficient, CI Confidence Interval, NI Not Inserted in the regression model
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