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Table 2 Results of latent growth models (LGM) by total, female, and male sample (standardized β-values)

From: The interplay of gender, social context, and long-term unemployment effects on subjective health trajectories

  Self-rated health Life satisfaction
   female male    female male
I S I S I S I S I S I S
Age −.48 .13 −.47 .15 −.50 .13 −.04 −.01 −.06 −.00 −.01 −.03
Household income .08 .00 .09 −.02 .07 .02 .12 −.05 .12 −.04 .12 −.06
Partnership status −.02 .08 −.02 .11 −.01 .07 −.05 .03 −.06 .05 −.03 .01
Education
Contrast 1 .02 .04 .01 .05 .03 .04 .01 .00 .00 −.01 .01 .01
Contrast 2 −.08 .00 −.08 .02 −.08 .01 −.00 −.02 .01 −.02 −.01 −.03
Unemployment
1993 .01 −.01 .05 −.05 −.02 .01 −.07 .08 −.10 .16 −.05 .00
1994 −.03 .01 −.03 .01 −.03 .02 −.10 .09 −.10 .06 −.11 .13
1995 −.04 .07 −.08 .11 .00 .06 −.04 −.05 −.06 −.03 −.02 −.07
1996 .04 −.01 .00 −.07 −.08 .02 .00 −.19 .03 −.18 −.03 −.20
Gender .08 −.05      −.02 .01     
Social context .10 −.16 .09 −.16 .10 −.16 −.31 .23 −.29 .20 −.33 .26
ST Unemployment −.05 −.01 −.10 .05 −.01 −.04 −.08 .07 −.11 .08 −.04 .06
LT Unemployment −.09 .00 −.12 .03 −.06 −.02 −.09 .07 −.04 −.01 −.12 .13
Social context X ST Unemployment .06 −.03 .10 −.11 .01 .02 −.03 .04 −.01 .04 −.04 .05
Social context X LT Unemployment .06 .01 .08 −.00 .03 .02 .04 −.01 .01 .03 .04 −.02
I – S correlation S mean −.24 −1.87 −.17 −2.38 −.24 −1.92 −.25 .79 −.24 .59 −.24 1.04
CFI   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
RMSEA SRMR .04 .01 .04 .01 .04 .01 .03 .01 .04 .02 .03 .01
AIC BIC 46,839.72 47,099.27 24,393.39 24,614.89 22,445.57 22,665.95 119,610.20 119,882.93 61,416.62 61,650.01 58,199.01 58,431.12
model X2 X2(16) = 148.51 X2(15) = 78.59 X2(15) = 81.09 X2(55) = 458.59 X2(52) = 279.54 X2(52) = 241.30
N 6838   3473   3365   6756   3435   3321  
  1. Test significance: bold: p < .001, italics: p < .01, underlined: p < .05; ST unemployment: registered unemployed in 1991 or 1992; LT unemployment: registered unemployed in 1991 and 1992; I: Intercept; S: Slope; RMSEA: root mean squared error of approximation; CFI: comparative fit index; SRMR: Standardized Root Mean Square Residual; BIS: Bayesian Information Criterion; AIC: Akaike Information Criterion; Analyses were also run on a subsample, retaining full-time, part-time and not employed participants. As the effect sizes and directions did not change drastically, the broader sample was retained