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Table 3 Association between patient variables and diabetes among PLWHIV taking ART

From: Prevalence and predictors of diabetes mellitus among persons living with HIV: a retrospective cohort study conducted in 4 public healthcare facilities in KwaZulu-Natal

Variables Diabetes, n (%) Total frequency, n (%) Chi-square P-value
No Yes
Gender
 Male 363 (92.4) 30 (7.6) 393 (34.6) 0.219
 Female 669 (90.2) 73 (9.8) 742 (65.4)
Age
 18–28 139 (99.3) 1 (0.7) 140 (12.5) 0.000a
 29–48 643 (95.3) 32 (4.7) 675 (60.5)
  > 48 233 (77.4) 68 (22.6) 301 (27.0)
Level of Education
 No formal education 40 (87.0) 6 (13.6) 46 (4.2) 0.109
 Primary 175 (87.1) 26 (12.9) 201 (18.5)
 High school 601 (92.2) 51 (7.8) 652 (60.0)
 Tertiary 173 (92.0) 15 (8.0) 188 (17.3)
Employment Status
 Employed 349 (93.6) 24 (6.4) 373 (32.6) 0.030a
 unemployed 692 (89.6) 80 (10.4) 772 (67.4)
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 189 (92.2) 16 (7.8%) 205 (18.1) 0.505
 No 841 (90.7) 86 (9.3) 927 (81.9)
Initial CD4 count (cells/mm3)
  < 200 234 (88.6) 30 (11.4) 264 (44.9) 0.414
 200–350 142 (91.0) 14 (9.0) 156 (26.5)
 351–500 68 (93.2) 5 (6.8) 73 (12.4)
  > 500 89 (93.7) 6 (6.3) 95 (16.2)
Current CD4 count (cells/mm3)
  < 200 50 (94.3) 3 (5.7) 53 (8.3) 0.386
 200–350 99 (93.4) 7 (6.6) 106 (16.7)
 351–500 133 (90.5) 14 (9.5) 147 (23.1)
  > 500 293 (88.8) 37 (11.2) 330 (51.9)
Initial viral load (copies/mm3)
 High (≥100,000) 22 (95.7) 1 (4.3) 23 (14.6) 0.137
 Low (10,000 – 99,000) 19 (79.2) 5 (20.8) 24 (15.3)
 Lower (< 10,000) 100 (90.9) 10 (9.1) 110 (70.1)
Current viral load (cells/mm3)
 ‘Detectable’ 340 (90.9) 34 (9.1) 374 (59.0) 0.587
 LTDL 233 (89.6) 27 (10.4) 260 (41.0)
  1. Key: a = Statistically significant
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