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Table 4 Barriers in rank order of utterances in relation to MIND diet in 40–55-year olds in Rome and NI: COM-B and TDF domains

From: Comparison of barriers and facilitators of MIND diet uptake among adults from Northern Ireland and Italy

Italy Northern Ireland
COM-B TDF Rank order Frequency of Utterances % of utterances. COM-B TDF Rank order Frequency of utterances %of utterances
Physical opportunity Environmental context and resources 1 93 33 Physical opportunity Environmental Context and resources 1 90 29
Social opportunity Social Influence 2 43 15 Reflective motivation Belief about capabilities 2 46 15
Reflective motivation Belief about Capabilities 3 37 13 Psychological capability Knowledge 3 37 12
Psychological capability Behaviour regulation 4 29 10 Psychological capability Memory, attention, Decision making 4 30 10
Psychological capability Knowledge 5 29 10 Psychological capability Behaviour regulation 5 24 7
Reflective motivation Social, Professional and Identity 6 15 5 Physical capability Physical skills 6 17 6
Reflective motivation Belief about consequences 7 11 4 Social opportunity Social Influence 7 15 5
Physical capability Skills 8 9 3 Reflective motivation Belief about consequences 8 12 4
Reflective motivation Intention 9 9 3 Reflective motivation Social professional and identity 9 12 4
Reflective motivation Optimism 10 7 2 Reflective motivation Intention 10 9 3
Automatic motivation Emotion 11 4 2 Reflective motivation Optimism 11 6 2
Automatic motivation Reinforcement 0 0 0 Reflective motivation Goals 12 5 2
Reflective motivation Goals 0 0 0 Automatic motivation Emotion 13 3 1
Psychological capability Memory, attention 0 0 0 Automatic motivation Reinforcement 14 1 0
    286 100     307 100
  1. Information above the thick black line represents the top 6 reported domains of the TDF and corresponding COM-B components. Eighty percent of the data fell into the top 6 TDF domains, COM-B Capability (C): Psychological or physical ability to enact behaviour, Opportunity (O) Physical and social environment that enables behaviour. Motivation (M): Reflective or automatic mechanisms that activate or inhibit behaviour; Behaviour (B), TDF Theoretical Domains Framework
  2. Utterances: Spoken word/words in relation to themes/subthemes emerging from questions asked regarding MIND diet. n = 50