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Table 3 Distribution of participants’ diabetes attitude response

From: Knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes in Cotonou, Southern Benin

Attitude Mean Strongly agree Agree Neutral Disagree Strongly disagree
X±SD n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%) n(%)
Need for special training
 Health care professionals who treat people with diabetes should be trained to communicate well with their patients 1.70±0.56 221 (73.67) 70 (23.33) 6 (2.00) 3 (1.00) 0
 Health care professionals should learn how to set goals with patients, not just tell them what to do. 1.29±0.86 151 (50.33) 99 (33.00) 36 (12.00) 13 (4.33) 1 (0.33)
Seriousness of T2D
 People who do not need to take insulin to treat their diabetes have a mild disease. −0.42±1.20 69 (23.00) 85 (28.33) 63 (21.00) 69 (23.00) 14 (4.67)
 People whose diabetes is treated by just a diet do not have to worry about getting many long-term complications. −0.10±1.28 50 (16.67) 80 (26.67) 52 (17.33) 86 (28.67) 32 (10.67)
 Blood sugar testing is not needed for people with T2D 0.77±1.08 14 (4.67) 34 (11.33) 31 (10.33) 149 (49.67) 72 (24.00)
 People who take diabetes medications should be as concerned about their blood sugar as people who take insulin. 0.90±1.07 104 (34.67) 110 (36.67) 40 (13.33) 43 (14.33) 3 (1.00)
Value of tight control
 There is not much use in trying to have good blood sugar control because the complications of diabetes will happen anyway. 0.26±1.34 43 (14.33) 60 (20.00) 26 (8.67) 119 (39.67) 52 (17.33)
 Low blood sugar reactions make tight control too risky for most people −0.14±0.93 26 (8.67) 70 (23.33) 127 (42.33) 73 (24.33) 4 (1.33)
 Tight control is too much work −0.48±1.22 78 (26.00) 82 (27.33) 58 (19.33) 69 (23.00) 13 (4.33)
Psychological impact of T2D
 Diabetes affects almost every part of a diabetic person’s life. 0.67±1.13 74 (24.67) 128 (42.67) 33 (11.00) 56 (18.67) 9 (3.00)
 The emotional effects of diabetes are small. 0.04±0.96 16 (5.33) 69 (23.00) 117 (39.00) 82 (27.33) 16 (5.33)
 Diabetes is hard because you never get a break from it. 0.90±1.10 101 (33.67) 123 (41.00) 29 (9.67) 38 (12.67) 9 (3.00)
 Having diabetes changes a person’s outlook on life. 0.86±1.12 101 (33.67) 116 (38.67) 34 (11.34) 39 (13.00) 10 (3.33)
 Support from family and friends is important in dealing with diabetes. 1.59±0.70 208 (69.33) 70 (23.33) 14 (4.67) 8 (2.67) 0
Patient autonomy
 People with diabetes should learn a lot about the disease so that they can be in charge of their own diabetes care. 1.50±0.84 205 (68.33) 52 (17.33) 32 (10.67) 10 (3.33) 1 (0.33)
 What the patient does has more effect on the outcome of diabetes care than anything a health professional does. 1.22±0.88 138 (46.00) 108 (36.00) 39 (13.00) 13 (4.33) 2 (0.67)
  1. Mean (±SD) sub score for need for special train (out of 4 total points)= 2.98±1.15
  2. Mean (±SD) sub score for seriousness of T2DM (out of 8 total points)= 1.15±2.88
  3. Mean (±SD) sub score for value of tight control (out of 6 total points)= −0.36±2.35
  4. Mean (±SD) sub score for psychological impact of T2DM (out of 10 total points)=4.74±3.65
  5. Mean (±SD) sub score for patient autonomy (out of 4 total points)=2.72±1.44
  6. Total mean (±SD) attitude score (out of 32 total points)= 11.24±6.72
  7. % of patients ≥mean=52.33