Skip to main content

Table 2 Distribution of participants’ diabetes knowledge response

From: Knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes in Cotonou, Southern Benin

Knowledge Mean n %
What is diabetes? (0–4)
 Diabetes is a condition of insufficient insulin production 0.08±0.27 23 7.67
 Diabetes is a condition of high level of sugar in the blood 0.91±0.29 273 91.00
 Diabetes is not curable 0.93±0.26 279 93.00
 Diabetes is a disease that affect any part of body 0.69±0.46 207 69.00
Which one could cause type-2 diabetes? (0–4)
 Genetic or family history 0.61±0.49 183 61.00
 Being overweight/obese 0.71±0.46 212 70.67
 Sedentary life 0.47±0.50 142 47.33
 Poor dietary habits 0.61±0.49 182 60.67
What are diabetes symptoms? (0–4)
 Excessive thirst 0.48±0.50 145 48.33
 Excessive hunger 0.19±0.40 58 19.33
 High blood sugar 0.48±0.50 145 48.33
 Feeling of weakness 0.19±0.40 58 19.33
What is necessary for controlling diabetes? (0–4)
 Medication 0.90±0.30 269 89.67
 Regular exercise 0.47±0.50 142 47.33
 Practice healthy diet 0.61±0.49 182 60.67
 Medical eye/foot checkup or care 0.49±0.50 148 49.33
What are diabetes complications? (0–4)
 Diabetes can cause eye problem or even blindness 0.89±0.31 267 89.00
 Diabetes can cause kidney failure 0.92±0.27 276 92.00
 Diabetes can cause heart failure 0.46±0.50 138 46.00
 Diabetes can result in amputation of limb 0.87±0.33 262 87.33
What is the effect of exercise on glucose controlling? (0–1) 0.83±0.37 250 83.33
Is dietary intervention necessary in controlling glucose? (0–1) 0.75±0.44 224 74.67
Which one is the normal blood glucose in a healthy person? (0–1) 0.65±0.48 194 64.67
What is suitable blood pressure for a diabetic patient? (0–1) 0.50±0.50 151 50.33
Which index is used to get an average blood sugar reading? (0–1) 0.18±0.38 54 18.00
Which one is the correct foot care in a diabetic person? (0–1) 0.64±0.48 193 64.33
  1. Mean (±SD) sub score for diabetes definitions (out of 4 total points)= 2.61±0.69
  2. Mean (±SD) sub score for diabetes risk factorsT2DM (out of 4 total points)=2.40±1.31
  3. Mean (±SD) sub score for diabetes symptoms (out of 4 total points)= 1.35±1.41
  4. Mean (±SD) sub score for control of diabetes (out of 4 total points)= 2.47±0.98
  5. Mean (±SD) sub score for complications of diabetes (out of 4 total points)=3.14±0.87
  6. Total mean (±SD) Knowledge score (out of 26 total points)= 15.52±3.34
  7. % of patients ≥mean=52.67
  8. SD Standard Deviation