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Table 4 Relationship between the scores obtained for knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers

From: Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices of food handlers: A cross-sectional study in school kitchens in Espírito Santo, Brazil

Characteristic (n = 172) Knowledge Attitudes Practices
n Mean ± SD p Mean ± SD p Mean ± SD p
Gender    0.670   0.670   0.226
 Female 166 7.10 ± 1.22   9.42 ± 0.99   47.17 ± 3.83  
 Male 6 7.83 ± 1.33   9.33 ± 0.82   49.17 ± 2.04  
Age (years)    0.598   0.088   0.433
 18–39 51 7.04 ± 1.50   9.35 ± 0.63   47.78 ± 2.56  
 40–49 77 7.17 ± 1.12   9.35 ± 1.01   47.06 ± 4.40  
  > 50 43 7.16 ± 1.05   9.23 ± 1.231   46.86 ± 3.9  
Education Level    0.154   0.030a   0.937
 Elementary School 69 6.9 ± 1.20   9.17 ± 1.19a   47.13 ± 3.37  
 High School 99 7.26 ± 1.25   9.58 ± 0.80b   47.27 ± 4.14  
 University Education 3 7.67 ± 0.58   9.67 ± 0.58ab   48.00 ± 2.65  
Experience (years)    0.036a   0.472   0.995
 Until 5 68 6.88 ± 1.38a   9.51 ± 0.84   47.19 ± 3.50  
 6 a 10 53 7.45 ± 1.25b   9.32 ± 1.22   47.32 ± 4.44  
 Equal or more than 11 years 51 7.10 ± 0.88ab   9.37 ± 0.90   47.25 ± 3.56  
Training participationa    0.117   0.570   0.869
 Until 3 times 44 6.93 ± 1.34   9.41 ± 0.88   47.16 ± 3.69  
 4 times or more 128 7.19 ± 1.18   9.41 ± 1.02   47.27 ± 3.85  
Time until last training    0.039a   0.001a   0.318
 3 months 89 7.25 ± 1.26a   9.64 ± 0.67a   47.67 ± 2.90  
 6 months 68 7.10 ± 1.14ab   9.07 ± 1.25b   46.84 ± 4.64  
 1 year or more 14 6.36 ± 1.28b   9.41 ± 0.97ab   47.27 ± 3.79  
  1. SD standard deviation; p: value of significance. Means followed by the same letter do not differ from each other, by the Tukey test (p < 0.05)
  2. a since food handler started in this job