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Table 1 Characteristics of the 123 pregnant women and new mothers at baseline

From: Positive impact on vitamin D related lifestyle of medical advice in pregnant Somali-born women and new mothers: a mixed method study in Swedish primary care

  Somali-born Swedish-born
n 52 71
Age, years, m (SD) 28 (6) 31 (5)
Height, cm, m (SD) 161 (5) 167 (6)
Education, years, m (SD) 3.3 (3.4) 13.8 (2.5)
Years in Sweden, m (SD)1 3.5 (2.6)  
S-25-OHD, nmol/L, m (SD)2 16 (10) 49 (18)
Grip strength, N, m (SD) 199 (58) 318 (66)
Milk, dl/day, m (SD) 1.8 (2.0) 3.6 (1.9)
Cheese times/w, md (IQR)3 2.5 (2.5) 4.3 (1.7)
Fish times/w, md (IQR)4 0.7 (1.0) 0.8 (0.5)
Exercise times per week, md (IQR)5 1.5 (1.5) 1.8 (1.2)
Outdoors, n (%)6 31 (61) 66 (96)
Veiled clothing, md (IQR)7 1.1 (0.3) 0.0 (0.0)
Sun exposure face, neck, forearms, n (%) 13 (25) 65 (96)
Sun vacation in winter, n (%) 1 (2) 11 (16)
  1. 1 Most of the Swedish-born women had lived all their lives in Sweden
  2. 2 1/3 of Somali-born women had 25-OHD < 10 nmol/L. The value < 10 was replaced with a 9 for the calculation of the mean. The Somali median value was 12 nmol/L
  3. 3 Cheese times/w; 0 = never, 2 = 1–2 times/w, 4 = 3–5 times/w, 6 = 6–7 times/w
  4. 4 Fish times/w; 0 = never, 1 = 1–2 times/w, 3 = 3 or more times/w
  5. 5 Exercise times per week; 0 = seldom or never, 1 = 1–2 times/w, 3 = minimum 3 times/w or more
  6. 6 Outside minimum 30 min per day in summer
  7. 7 Veiled clothing; 0 = short armed sleeves, short legs/skirts in summer, 1 = long sleeves/legs without covering face and hands, 2 = long arms/skirts, scarf covering head/face, burka
  8. n Numbers, m Mean, SD Standard deviation, cm Centimeter, N Newton, dl Deciliter, w Week, md Median, IQR Interquartile range