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Table 3 Sociodemographic and clinical correlates of depression symptoms at the bivariate level (n = 1521)

From: Prevalence of depression symptoms and associated sociodemographic and clinical correlates among Syrian refugees in Lebanon

  N % p-value Odds ratio Lower L Upper L ROC
area (95%CI)
Age
 18–25 (ref) 89 39.0%   Ref    
 26–35 197 46.9%   1.380 .994 1.915  
 36–45 190 43.5%   1.201 .867 1.665  
 > 45 230 52.8% .004 1.744 1.259 2.415 .55 (.52–.58)
Gender
 Male 169 40.6%   ref    
 Female 537 48.6% .006 1.382 1.100 1.736 .53 (.50–.56)
Marital Status
 Married 556 44.9%   ref    
 Single 85 47.5%   1.108 .809 1.516  
 Widowed 41 56.9%   1.620 1.003 2.617  
 Divorced/separated 24 68.6% <.001 3.266 1.506 7.084 .53 (.50–.56)
Period of Stay (continuous)    .947 1.002 .954 1.051 .50 (.47–.53)
Location
 Beirut 128 43.0%   ref    
 North 187 46.3%   1.145 .847 1.547  
 South 94 46.3%   1.145 .800 1.640  
 Bekaa 297 48.2% .524 1.237 .936 1.634 .52 (.49–.55)
Current Occupation
 Employed 161 44.6%   ref    
 Not Employed 542 47.0% .431 .909 .717 1.153 .51 (.48–.54)
Tobacco Use
 Never User 455 46.6%   ref    
 Current 234 46.9% .906 1.013 .816 1.257 .50 (.47–.53)
Alcohol Use
 No 675 47.3%   ref    
 Yes 3 42.9% .814 .836 .186 3.747 .50 (.47–.53)
Psychiatry Medication Use
 No 692 46.1%   ref    
 Yes 14 70.0% .033 2.728 1.043 7.137 .51 (.48–.54)
Medical Conditions
 Diabetes No 648 45.9%      
 Diabetes Yes 58 53.7% .115 1.369 .925 2.028 .51 (.48–.54)
 Hypertensive No 604 45.4%      
 Hypertensive Yes 102 53.1% .046 1.360 1.004 1.842 .52 (.49–.55)
 Cardiovascular Disease No 656 45.9%      
 Cardiovascular Disease Yes 50 53.8% .143 1.368 .898 2.084 .51 (.48–.54)
 Nervous Disorder No 643 45.4%      
 Nervous Disorder Yes 63 59.4% .005 1.759 1.177 2.628 .52 (.49–.55)
 Mental Health No 681 45.8%      
 Mental Health Yes 25 75.8% <.001 3.703 1.660 8.263 .51 (.48–.54)
  1. Note: the dependent variable is the dichotomized PHQ-9 (mild and lower VS moderate to severe)