Skip to main content

Table 1 Utilization of modern contraceptives across explanatory variables Variables

From: Modern contraceptive utilization and its associated factors among married women in Senegal: a multilevel analysis

Modern Contraceptive use Non use Use Chi-square, P-value
Frequency/Percent Frequency/Percent
  8770 (73.69) 2624 (26.31)  
Women’s age    χ2 = 246.16, p < 0.001
 15–19 963 (92.15) 82 (7.85)  
 20–24 1566 (82.16) 340 (17.84)  
 25–29 1706 (76.26) 531 (23.74)  
 30–34 1598 (72.64) 602 (27.36)  
 35–39 1181 (70.38) 497 (29.62)  
 40–44 1004 (72.81) 375 (27.19)  
 45–49 752 (79.24) 197 (20.76)  
Women’s educational level    χ2 = 100.18, p < 0.001
 No formal education 5820 (79.79) 1474 (20.21)  
 Primary school 1736 (72.12) 671 (27.88)  
 Secondary school 1087 (72.81) 406 (27.19)  
 Higher 126 (63.32) 73 (36.68)  
Husband's educational level    χ2 = 189.69, p < 0.001
 No formal education 6703 (80.15) 1660 (19.85)  
 Primary school 922 (66.71) 460 (33.29)  
 Secondary school 825 (71.24) 333 (28.76)  
 Higher 320 (65.17) 171 (34.83)  
Place of residence    χ2 = 269.61, p < 0.001
 Urban 2946 (68.64) 1346 (31.36)  
 Rural 5824 (82.01) 1278 (17.99)  
Ethnicity    χ2 = 88.21, p < 0.001
 Wolof 2767 (74.91) 927 (25.09)  
 Poular 3075 (81.24) 710 (18.76)  
 Serer 1045 (71.53) 416 (28.47)  
 Mandingue/soc 798 (77.63) 230 (22.37)  
 Diola 263 (72.65) 99 (27.35)  
 Sonink 149 (80.11) 37 (19.89)  
 Other Senegalese 415 (73.19) 152 (26.81)  
 Other 258 (82.96) 53 (17.04)  
Religion    χ2 = 3.60, p = 0.057
 Muslim 8555 (77.09) 2542 (22.91)  
 Christian 215 (72.39) 82 (27.61)  
Wealth index    χ2 = 251.21, p < 0.001
 Poorest 2572 (82.94) 529 (17.06)  
 Poorer 2218 (81.97) 488 (18.03)  
 Middle 1934 (75.28) 635 (24.72)  
 Richer 1215 (68.96) 547 (31.04)  
 Richest 831 (66.16) 425 (33.84)  
Number of living children    χ2 = 525.33, p < 0.001
 No child 1380 (98.29) 24 (1.71)  
 1–2 children 2906 (79.79) 736 (20.21)  
 3–4 children 2212 (71.89) 865 (28.11)  
 Five or more children 2272 (69.46) 999 (30.54)  
Decision making    χ2 = 183.50, p < 0.001
 No decision making 5918 (80.87) 1400 (19.13)  
 Decision making one 1969 (71.26) 794 (28.74)  
 Decision making two 883 (67.25) 430 (32.75)  
Wife-beating    χ2 = 95.52, p < 0.001
 Accept 5361 (80.21) 1323 (19.79)  
 Refuse 3409 (72.38) 1301 (27.62)  
Region    χ2 = 434.48, p < 0.001
 Dakar 481 (57.95) 349 (42.05)  
 Ziguinchor 352 (71.69) 139 (28.31)  
 Diourbel 813 (83.30) 163 (16.70)  
 Saint Louis 563 (73.02) 208 (26.98)  
 Tambacounda 753 (85.67) 126 (14.33)  
 Kaolack 559 (76.26) 174 (23.74)  
 This 615 (66.13) 315 (33.87)  
 Louga 694 (78.77) 187 (21.23)  
 Fatick 617 (72.59) 233 (27.41)  
 Kolda 683 (78.51) 187 (21.49)  
 Matam 771 (89.24) 93 (10.76)  
 Kaffrine 766 (77.45) 223 (22.55)  
 Kedougou 520 (88.29) 69 (11.71)  
 Sedhiou 583 (78.68) 158 (21.32)  
Media exposure    χ2 = 81.44, p < 0.001
 No 964 (87.88) 133 (12.12)  
 Yes 7806 (75.81) 2491 (24.19)  
Desire for more children    χ2 = 543.34, p < 0.001
 Wants within 2 years 2898 (87.98) 396 (12.02)  
 Wants after 2 years 3380 (71.93) 1319 (28.07)  
 Wants, unsure timing 705 (89.92) 79 (10.08)  
 Undecided 141 (79.66) 36 (20.34)  
 Does not want 1379 (64.71) 752 (35.29)  
Ideal number of children    χ2 = 127.72, p < 0.001
 0 child 164 (73.54) 59 (26.46)  
 1 child 12 (80.00) 3 (20.00)  
 2 children 98 (65.77) 51 (34.23)  
 3 children 346 (75.22) 114 (24.78)  
 4 children 1199 (71.84) 470 (28.16)  
 5 children 1414 (73.49) 510 (26.51)  
 6 children and above 3811 (77.35) 1116 (22.65)  
 Non-numeric response 1726 (85.15) 301 (14.85)  
Distance to health facility    χ2 = 65.37, p < 0.001
 Big problem 2824 (81.81) 628 (18.19)  
 Not a big problem 5946 (74.87) 1996 (25.13)  
Community litracy level    χ2 = 348.26, p < 0.001
 Low 3972 (84.78) 713 (15.22)  
 Medium 2826 (75.46) 919 (24.54)  
 High 1972 (66.53) 992 (33.47)  
Community socioeconomic level    χ2 = 258.56, p < 0.001
 Low 5477 (81.92) 1209 (18.08)  
 Medium 1191 (75.05) 396 (24.95)  
 High 2102 (67.35) 1019 (32.65)  
Community level modern contraceptive knowledge    
 Low 3391 (84.00) 646 (16.00) χ2 = 190.92, p < 0.001
 Medium 2820 (75.08) 936 (24.92)  
 High 2559 (71.06) 1042 (28.94)