Skip to main content

Table 4 Logistic regression models, diabetes-related distress and depressive symptoms

From: Thoughts about health and patient-reported outcomes among people with diabetes mellitus: results from the DiaDec-study

  Diabetes-related distress Depressive symptoms
OR 95%-CI p-value OR 95%-CI p-value
Univariate model n = 678    n = 722   
 No thoughts 1.00    1.00   
 Low frequency and negative thoughts 7.73 [3.78; 15.81] < 0.001 6.62 [3.12; 14.06] < 0.001
 Low frequency and positive thoughts 2.01 [0.86; 4.67] 0.105 0.57 [0.16; 2.09] 0.400
 High frequency and negative thoughts 21.29 [10.27; 44.12] < 0.001 24.24 [11.65; 50.46] < 0.001
 High frequency and positive thoughts 6.21 [1.99; 19.36] 0.002 14.55 [5.14; 41.15] < 0.001
Multivariate modela n = 636    n = 672   
 No thoughts 1.00    1.00   
 Low frequency and negative thoughts 4.57 [2.08; 10.05] < 0.001 3.16 [1.39; 7.17] 0.006
 Low frequency and positive thoughts 1.40 [0.55; 3.57] 0.481 0.28 [0.06; 1.29] 0.103
 High frequency and negative thoughts 7.58 [3.22; 17.83] < 0.001 7.60 [3.19; 18.09] < 0.001
 High frequency and positive thoughts 3.39 [0.99; 11.56] 0.051 6.71 [2.13; 21.15] 0.001
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratios
  2. aadjusted for sociodemographic (age, sex, education, employment, marital status) and health-related variables (diabetes duration ≥10 years, oral glucose-lowering drugs, insulin, number of comorbidities > 3, perceived health status (fair to poor vs. good to excellent))