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Table 3 Health behaviours and outcomes of 16–24 year old men overall and by education/employment status

From: How does the sexual, physical and mental health of young adults not in education, employment or training (NEET) compare to workers and students?

  MEN
  All young men(16–24) NEETs Workers Students
Denominators (unwt, wt) 1729, 1238 270, 189 605, 442 853, 607
    Age-standardised estimates:
Health behaviours
% (95%CI) current smoker 32.2% [29.6–34.8%] 58.2% [51.5–64.6%] 33.9% [29.7–38.3%] 27.3% [22.1–33.2%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    2.79 (2.02–3.85)     
NEETs with students (ref)    3.67 (2.54–5.28)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    3.48 (2.58–4.69)     
Average alcohol consumption per week
% (95% CI:)
 None 24.2% [21.9–26.6%] 24.7% [19.4–30.7%] 17.5% [14.1–21.6%] 24.5% [19.8–29.9%]
 Not more than recommended 70.5% [67.9–73.0%] 67.6% [61.2–73.4%] 76.8% [72.5–80.7%] 70.7% [65.1–75.7%]
More than recommended 5.3% [4.2–6.6%] 7.7% [4.9–12.0%] 5.6% [4.0–8.0%] 4.8% [3.1–7.3%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    1.41 (0.76–2.60)     
NEETs with students (ref)    1.45 (0.71–2.95)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    1.53 (0.87–2.70)     
Drug use in last year
% (95% CI:)
 No 64.6% [61.9–67.2%] 51.3% [44.6–57.9%] 65.7% [61.0–70.0%] 68.5% [62.7–73.8%]
Cannabis only 22.6% [20.3–25.1%] 27.7% [21.8–34.5%] 21.1% [17.4–25.4%] 19.8% [15.7–24.7%]
Cannabis and/or other drugs 12.8% [11.0–14.8%] 21.1% [15.8–27.5%] 13.2% [10.4–16.6%] 11.7% [8.0–16.9%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    1.81 (1.31–2.52)     
NEETs with students (ref)    2.17 (1.51–3.12)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    1.98 (1.46–2.67)     
Health outcomes
% (95% CI) self-reported health status (fair/bad/very bad) 8.2% [6.9–9.7%] 18.8% [14.0–24.7%] 7.1% [5.1–9.9%] 4.6% [3.1–6.8%]
aAOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    3.17 (1.90–5.31)     
NEETs with students (ref)    3.77 (2.41–5.90)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    3.39 (2.24–5.13)     
% (95% CI) longstanding illness, disability or infirmity 13.7% [11.9–15.7%] 17.7% [13.0–23.5%] 10.9% [8.5–13.8%] 15.7% [11.9–20.5%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    1.81 (1.15–2.87)     
NEETs with students (ref)    1.15 (0.73–1.82)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    1.42 (0.96–2.12)     
% (95% CI) 1+ chronic health condition a 6.8% [5.6–8.2%] 6.5% [4.2–9.9%] 7.2% [5.2–10.0%] 6.3% [4.2–9.3%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    0.89 (0.49–1.62)     
NEETs with students (ref)    0.97 (0.54–1.74)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    0.91 (0.54–1.53)     
Body-mass index
% (95% CI)
 Normal: 18.5–25 kg/m3 66.0% [63.3–68.6%] 60.7% [53.4–67.5%] 64.7% [60.3–68.9%] 68.2% [62.6–73.3%]
Underweight: < 18.5 kg/m3 6.0% [4.8–7.6%] 8.4% [4.9–14.2%] 1.9% [1.0–3.7%] 8.3% [5.5–12.4%]
Overweight: 25–30 kg/m3 20.5% [18.3–22.8%] 21.1% [15.9–27.4%] 24.9% [21.1–29.0%] 17.6% [13.5–22.6%]
Obese: > 30 kg/m3 7.5% [6.1–9.1%] 9.8% [6.3–15.1%] 8.5% [6.4–11.2%] 5.9% [3.6–9.4%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    1.24 (0.87–1.76)     
NEETs with students (ref)    1.32 (0.90–1.92)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    1.24 (0.89–1.71)     
% (95%CI) treated for depression in the past year 3.0% [2.2–3.9%] 7.7% [5.1–11.5%] 2.0% [1.1–3.6%] 2.0% [1.1–3.5%]
AOR (95% CI), comparing:
NEETs with workers (ref)    4.30 (1.93–9.56)     
NEETs with students (ref)    2.88 (1.47–5.62)     
NEETs with workers and students (combined, ref)    3.57 (1.98–6.46)     
  1. Abbreviations: unwt, unweighted; wt, weighted
  2. % and 95% CIs are age standardised
  3. Age-adjusted odds ratio for reporting the responses in bold font (for those variables with > 2 response options) relative to workers, relative to students and relative to both workers and students combined
  4. a Chronic health condition includes arthritis, heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, other forms of heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, broken hip or pelvis bone or hip replacement ever, backache lasting longer than 3 mo, any other muscle or bone disease lasting longer than 3 mo, treatment for depression, treatment for cancer, and treatment for any thyroid condition in the past year