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Table 7 Lifestyle and estimated risk-related outcomes

From: Incorporating a brief intervention for personalised cancer risk assessment to promote behaviour change into primary care: a multi-methods pilot study

  NHS Health Check or chronic disease review plus I-CaPP intervention Standard NHS Health Check or chronic disease review
  Baseline
(n = 50)
  3 month follow-up
(n = 30)
  Baseline
(n = 12)
  3 month follow-up
(n = 7)
n Mean (SD) n Change from baseline Mean (95% CI) n Mean (SD) n Change from baseline
Mean (95% CI)
Lifestyle
 BMI (kg/m2) 50 27.5 (5.6) 30 1.14 (−0.46 to 2.74) 12 29.7 (8.0) 7 −0.61 (−2.82 to 1.59)
 Alcohol (units/week) 50 9.8 (13.6) 30 −2.8 (−4.9 to −0.66) 12 6.2 (8.7) 7 0 (−1.60 to 1.60)
 Physical Activity (hours/week) 50 5.7 (7.7) 30 1.65 (− 0.95 to 4.25)) 12 5.1 (8.0) 7 0.21 (−0.91 to 1.34)
 Fruit (portions/day) 50 2.1 (1.4) 30 0.67 (0.1 to 1.23) 12 2 (0.9) 7 −0.14 (−0.97 to 0.69)
 Vegetables (portions/day) 50 2.6 (1.3) 30 0.1 (−0.30 to 0.50) 12 2.1 (0.7) 7 1.00 (0.08 to 1.92)
 Red meat (portions/week) 50 2.1 (1.3) 30 −0.47 (−0.84 to − 0.09) 12 1.3 (1.1) 7 0.14 (−0.85 to 1.13)
 Processed meat (portions/week) 50 1.6 (1.6) 30 −0.35 (− 0.68 to − 0.02) 12 1 (0.7) 7 0.43 (− 0.30 to 1.16)
Risk Estimates*
 RRI 50 1.66 (0.9) 30 −0.34 (− 0.56 to − 1.28) 12 1.7 (0.8) 7 − 0.25 (− 0.77 to 0.26)
 RR 50 1.0 (0.4) 30 −0.005 (− 0.11 to 0.10) 12 1.1 (0.33) 7 −0.07 (− 0.15 to 0.001)
 AR 50 3.6 (2.3) 30 0.49 (−0.36 to 1.34) 12 4.4 (2.2) 7 −0.14 (− 0.96 to 0.69)
   % (95% CI)   % (95% CI)   % (95% CI)   % (95% CI)
Smoking status 50   30   12   7  
 Non-smoker   56.0 (41.6 to 69.4)   63.3 (44.0 to 79.2)   33.3 (10.9 to 67.1)   38.6 (4.2 to 78.5)
 Ex-smoker   38.0 (25.3 to 52.5)   36.7 (20.8 to 56.0)   58.3 (26.7 to 84.3)   57.1 (15.0 to 90.9)
 Current smoker   6.0 (1.9 to 17.6)   0 (0)   8.3 (0.8 to 50.1)   14.3 (1.0 to 74.3)
  1. RRI - Risk relative to an individual of the same age and sex with a recommended lifestyle and RR- Risk relative to an individual of the same age and sex . *All risk estimates represent the 10 year risk fo developing one of the five most common, gender specific, preventable cancers