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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients

From: Incorporating a brief intervention for personalised cancer risk assessment to promote behaviour change into primary care: a multi-methods pilot study

  n NHS Health check or chronic disease review plus I-CaPP intervention (n = 50) n Standard NHS Health Check or chronic disease review (n = 12) n Interview Group (n = 12)
Age 50   12   12  
 Mean (sd)   56.2 (11.8)   55.0 (8.3)   62.5
 Range   40–84   40–75   40–83
Sex (n, % female) 50 26 (52) 12 9 (75) 12 6 (50)
Ethnicity (n, % white) 50 44 (88) 12 11 (92) 12 11 (92)
Family history of cancer (n, %) 50 22 (44)   7 (58)
Education (n, %) 50   12   12  
 No formal education or Primary Education   1 (2)   2 (17)   0 (0)
 Secondary Education   27 (54)   6 (50)   8 (67)
 University Education   22 (44)   4 (33)   4 (33)
Deprivation (n, %) 50   11   12  
 Least deprived 1   11 (22)   1 (9)   2 (17)
 2   18 (36)   7 (64)   6 (50)
 3   11 (22)   1 (9)   2 (17)
 4   10 (20)   2 (18)   2 (17)
 5   0 (0)   0 (0)   0 (0)
Perceived General Health (n, %) 50   12   12  
 Very Good / Quite Good   39 (58)   10 (92)   10 (83)
 Neither Good nor Poor   8 (16)   0 (0)   2 (17)
 Quite Poor / Poor   3 (6)   1 (8)   0 (0)
Numeracy (n, %) 44   11   12  
 High numeracy (≥2)   31 (70)   5 (45)   7 (58)
 Low numeracy (< 2)   13 (30)   6 (55)   5 (42)
Estimated risk (mean, sd)*
 RRI 50 1.7 (0.9) 12 1.7 (0.8) 12 1.7 (1.2)
 RR 50 1.0 (0.4) 12 1.1 (0.33) 12 1.01 (0.5)
 Absolute risk 50 3.6 (2.3) 12 4.4 (2.2) 12 3.86 (2.33)
Smoking status (n, %) 50   12   12  
 Never smoker   28 (56)   4 (33)   7 (58)
 Ex-smoker   19 (38)   7 (58)   5 (42)
 Current smoker   3 (6)   1 (8)   0 (0)
Lifestyle (mean, sd)
 BMI (kg/m2) 50 27.5 (5.6) 12 29.7 (8.0)   26.6 (3.2)
 Alcohol (units/week) 50 9.8 (13.6) 12 6.2 (8.7)   12.1 (17.5)
 Physical Activity (hours/week) 50 5.7 (7.7) 12 5.1 (8.0)   8.4 (8.3)
 Fruit (portions/day) 50 2.1 (1.4) 12 2 (0.9)   1.5 (1.2)
 Vegetables (portions/day) 50 2.6 (1.3) 12 2.1 (0.7)   2.8 (1.3)
 Red meat (portions/week) 50 2.1 (1.3) 12 1.3 (1.1)   2.7 (1.6)
 Processed meat (portions/week) 50 1.6 (1.6) 12 1 (0.7)   1.6 (1.3)
Cancer risk perception (mean, sd)
 Perceived absolute risk 45 29.3 (22.8) 10 41 (17.9)
 Conviction of perceived absolute risk 48 3.58 (1.7) 11 3.27 (1.6)
 Perceived comparative risk 50 3.48 (1.2) 12 3.41 (0.9)
 Conviction of perceived comparative risk 47 3.86 (1.6) 12 3.08 (1.7)
Absolute risk accuracy (n, %) 45    10  
 Accurate (±5%)   8 (18)    0 (0)
 Underestimate   2 (4)    0 (0)
 Overestimate   35 (78)    10(100)
Comparative risk accuracy (n, %) 50    12  
 Accurate   18 (36)    4 (33)
 Underestimate   24 (48)    7 (58)
 Overestimate   8 (16)    1 (8)
Cancer Worry (mean, sd) 46 4.8 (2.0) 10 5.4 (2.1)
Anxiety (mean, sd) 45 13.1 (2.2) 11 13.81 (2.0)
Cancer risk factor awareness 43 40.9 (5.5) 10 42.8 (4.9)
  1. RRI - Risk relative to an individual of the same age and sex with a recommended lifestyle and RR- Risk relative to an individual of the same age and sex . *All risk estimates represent the 10 year risk fo developing one of the five most common, gender specific, preventable cancers