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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the PROMPT cohort participants

From: Prevalence and burden of obstructive lung disease in the urban poor population of Ottawa, Canada: a community-based mixed-method, observational study

Characteristic Participants with spirometry (N = 64) All participants (N = 80)
Sex (male) 69% 70%
Ethnicity
 Caucasian 78% 78%
 First Nations 16% 16%
 Inuit 1.5% 1%
 Métisb 1.5% 1%
 East Asian 1% 1%
 Other 2% 3%
First language
 English 90% 83%
 French 9% 12%
 Other 1% 4%
 N/Aa 0% 1%
Age
 16–30 18% 15%
 31–40 9% 9%
 41–50 42% 44%
 51–65 31% 31%
 N/Aa 0% 1%
Education
 Elementary/high school 36% 34%
 High school graduate/GED 28% 31%
 Some college or university 27% 26%
 College or university completed 6% 5%
 None 1.5% 1%
 N/Aa 1.5% 3%
Monthly Income
  < $499 13% 11%
 $500–$999 33% 34%
 $1000–$1999 43% 44%
 $2000–$2999 11% 10%
 N/Aa 0% 1%
Food insecurity:
 Always 18% 15%
 Most of the time 10% 11%
 Occasionally 15% 16%
 Sometimes 25% 26%
 Usually 12% 10%
 Never 18% 19%
 N/Aa 2% 3%
Number of cigarettes per day:
 < 15 53.8% 32.5%
 15–25 34.6% 42.5%
 26–35 9% 10%
 36–40 2.6% 6.3%
 N/Aa 0% 8.7%
Total years tobacco smoking:
 < 10 31.3% 12.5%
 10–20 11.3% 15%
 21–30 28.7% 33.7%
 31–40 18.7% 25%
 41–50 7.5% 7.5%
 51–60 2.5% 2.5%
 N/Aa 0% 3.8%
Previous or current drug use
 Crack 72.7% 66.3%
 Marijuana 60.6% 61.3%
 Heroine 25.8% 23.8%
 Fentanyl 13.6% 13.8%
 Oxycontin 10.6% 12.5%
  1. aN/A = missing or refuse to answer
  2. bMétis - are a group of people in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations people and European settlers. They represent the majority of those identifying as Métis, though smaller communities also exist in the United States. They are recognized as one of Canada’s aboriginal or indigenous people under the Constitution Act of 1982, along with First Nations and Inuit people