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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics by preventive behavior domains

From: COVID-19 preventive behaviors and influencing factors in the Iranian population; a web-based survey

  Preventive behavior
Individual behavior Entering guidelines Leaving guidelines Personal belongings’ guidelines
  N (%) Mean (SD) *T/F P Mean (SD) *T/F P Mean (SD) *T/F P Mean (SD) *T/F P
Gender Female 1503 (71.7) 8.12 (2.40) 9.84 <.001 6.038 (5.205) 9.16 <.001 5.423 (1.891) 13.06 <.001 3.859 (1.41) 8.65 <.001
Male 594 (28.3) 6.93 (2.70) 5.205 (2.107) 4.161 (2.133) 3.237 (1.65)
Age < 20 83 (4) 7.59 (2.55) 1.56 .166 5.54 (1.93) 4.72 <.001 5.03(2.18) 3.46 .004 3.61 (1.56) 1.68 .135
20–30 698 (33.8) 7.64 (2.61) 5.59 (1.98) 4.81 (2.08) 3.66 (1.46)
31–40 775 (37.5) 7.95 (2.44) 5.85 (1.88) 5.15 (2.02) 3.76 (1.49)
41–50 330 (16) 7.81 (2.56) 6.17 (1.72) 5.31 (1.97) 3.65 (1.55)
51–60 152 (7.4) 7.72 (2.65) 5.75 (1.98) 5.14 (1.94) 3.55 (1.58)
> 60 30 (1.5) 7.23 (2.67) 5.6 (2.11) 5.33 (2) 3.06 (1.68)
Marital status Single 775 (37) 7.72 (2.57) .70 .54 5.57 (1.98) 5.91 .001 4.83 (2.08) 5.51 .001 3.60 (1.49) 1.91 .12
Married 1242 (59.2) 7.81 (2.55) 5.92 (1.87) 5.19 (2.01) 3.72 (1.52)
Divorce 64 (3.1) 8.5 (1.89) 6.31 (1.53) 5.43 (1.75) 3.31 (1.49)
Widowed 16 (.8) 7.93 (2.42) 5.96 (1.60) 5.32 (1.79) 3.93 (1.40)
Education High school 449 (21.3) 7.47 (2.65) 4.43 .012 5.71 (1.97) .814 .443 5.10 (2.03) 2.18 .113 3.52 (1.59) 5.52 .004
Graduate 1036 (49.4) 7.88 (2.58) 5.85 (1.89) 5.13 (2.03) 3.78 (1.47)
Postgraduate 615 (29.3) 7.85 (2.39) 5.78 (1.89) 4.92 (2.05) 3.62 (1.49)
Occupation Unemployed 613 (29.2) 7.89 (2.52) 3.30 .010 5.94 (1.78) 2.33 .054 5.35 (1.89) 5.18 <.001 3.85 (1.49) 4.32 .002
Farmer/worker 37 (1.8) 6.78 (2.46) 5.21 (1.88) 4.41 (2.14) 3.29 (1.57)
Government Employee 669 (31.9) 7.87 (2.58) 5.81 (1.95) 5.00 (2.11) 3.59 (1.530
Self employed 451 (21.5) 7.52 (2.62) 5.72 (1.97) 4.87 (2.07) 3.54 (1.54)
student 327 (15.6) 7.91 (2.40) 5.67 (1.94) 4.99 (2.04) 3.75 (1.38)
Economic Status Good 400 (19.1) 8.17 (2.41) 10.14 <.001 6.07 (1.75) 9.9 <.001 5.38 (1.90) 5.79 .003 3.77 (1.48) .835 .434
Average 1431 (68.2) 7.77 (2.52) 5.80 (1.90) 4.99 (2.04) 3.65 (1.51)
Bad 266 (12.7) 7.27 (2.78) 5.40 (2.08) 4.97 (2.16) 3.68 (1.53)
Chronic health condition Yes 175 (8.3) 7.78 (2.62) −.19 .84 5.81 (2.06) .18 .85 5.04 (2.02) −.29 .76 3.71 (1.51) −.16 .87
No 1504 (71.7) 7.82 (2.50) 5.78 (1.87) 5.09 (2.01) 3.73 (1.47)
  1. *Independent t-test/ANOVA