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Table 2 Association between women’s empowerment and barriers in health care access adjusted for covariates

From: Empowerment and health care access barriers among currently married women in Myanmar

  No barrier (n = 3780) vs 1 barrier (n = 1725) No barrier (n = 3780) vs > 1 barrier (n = 2364)
OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Women empowerment
 Low 1.6 (1.3–2) ** 1.5 (1.2–1.8) ** 1.5 (1.3–1.8) ** 1.4 (1.1–1.7) **
 Middle 1.6 (1.3–1.9) ** 1.5 (1.3–1.9) ** 1.0 (0.9–1.3) 1.1 (0.9–1.3)
 High 1 1 1 1
Residence
 Urban 1 1 1 1
 Rural 1.2 (1.0–1.5) * 1.3 (1.0–1.8) * 2.9 (2.2–3.7) ** 1.8 (1.6–2.1) *
Education
 None 2.6 (1.7–3.8) ** 1.8 (1.0–2.4) * 12.9 (7.8–21.5) ** 2.4 (1.4–3.9) **
 Primary 2.3 (1.7–3.1) ** 1.3 (0.9–1.9) 7.3(4.8–11.3) ** 1.8 (1.1–2.8) *
 Secondary 1.9 (1.4–2.5) ** 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 3.5 (2.3–5.4) ** 1.5 (1.0–2.4) *
 Higher 1 1 1 1
Occupation
 Not working 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 1.0 (0.9–1.2) 0.9 (0.7–1.0) 0.9 (0.8–1.1)
 Working 1 1 1 1
Wealth Index
 Poorest 2.9 (2.3–3.8) ** 3.6 (2.6–5.1) ** 14.6(10.7–20.1) ** 10.3 (7.0–15.2) **
 Poorer 2.3 (1.9–2.9) ** 2.6 (1.9–3.5) ** 7.3 (5.3–9.9) ** 5.4 (3.7–7.8) **
 Middle 1.7 (1.3–2.1) ** 2.0 (1.5–2.8) ** 4.1 (3.1–5.5) ** 3.3 (2.3–4.8) **
 Richer 1.5 (1.2–1.8) ** 1.5 (1.2–1.9) * 2.4 (1.8–3.1) ** 2.0 (1.4–2.8) **
 Richest 1 1 1 1
Husband’s occupation
 White collar 0.7 (0.5–0.8) * 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 0.3 (0.2–0.5) ** 0.9 (0.6 t- 1.3)
 Blue collar 1 1 1 1
Husband’s education
 None 2.2 (1.5–3.5) ** 1.1 (0.7–1.9) 11.1(6.6–18.6) ** 1.6 (0.9–2.8)
 Primary 2.7 (1.9–3.9) ** 1.5 (1.0–2.3) * 7.5 (4.7–11.8) ** 1.4 (0.8–2.3)
 Secondary 2.1 (1.4–2.9) ** 1.4 (0.9–2.1) 3.8 (2.4–6.1) ** 1.2 (0.8–2.1)
 Higher 1 1 1 1
No of living children
 No 1 1 1 1
 1–3 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.9 (0.7–1.1) 1.2 (0.9–1.4) 1.0 (0.8–1.3)
  > = 4 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 0.8 (0.6–1.1) 2.0 (1.6–2.5) ** 1.1 (0.8–1.5)
Family structure
 Nuclear 1 1 1 1
 Extended 0.8 (0.7 t- 0.9) * 1.0 (0.8–1.1) 0.6 (0.5–0.7) ** 0.9 (0.8 t- 1.1)
  1. OR Odds ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds ratio, 95%CI 95% Confidence Interval
  2. ** p < 0.001, *p < 0.05