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Table 5 Association between network characteristics and couples’ use of contraception adjusting for couples’ pregnancy desires and contraceptive decision-making as a couple

From: The association between men’s family planning networks and contraceptive use among their female partners: an egocentric network study in Madagascar

  Dependent variable: Couple currently using modern contraception
  (1) (2) (3) Excludes partners from network variables
Independent variables
Composition of FP network    
 No FP network (Reference group)
 Social-only FP network 2.33c 1.55b 1.27b
  (0.43) (0.24) (0.10)
 Provider-only FP network 1.91c 1.58a 1.17
  (0.27) (0.34) (0.11)
 Mixed FP network 2.54c 1.74a 1.46c
  (0.40) (0.44) (0.14)
Couples’ pregnancy desires
Wants to become pregnant (Reference group)   
Does not want to become pregnant 1.57e+ 06c   
  (1.68e+ 06)   
Is not certain 8.38e+ 05c   
  (8.70e+ 05)   
Decision-making about contraceptive use with partner
Man decides (Reference group)   
His partner decides   (0.63)  
Couple decides together   (0.47)  
Observations 145 132 164
Mean of dependent variable 0.68 0.76 0.65
  1. a significant at 0.05; b significant at 0.01; c significant at 0.001
  2. Note: We used generalized linear model with Poisson regression and robust standard errors. We reported relative risk ratios. Each column presents the findings of a separate regression model. Covariates included in each of these 4 regression models were age, household size, marital status, primary school completion, and household earnings. We also included sub-district fixed effects. We used cluster robust standard errors at the sub-district level. Social-only FP network included social ties such as partner, friend, and other family members. Provider-only FP network included provider ties such as CHWs, health educators, nurses, mid-wives, and doctors. A mixed FP network included both social ties and providers ties