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Table 2 Overview of selected studies

From: A qualitative meta-synthesis of facilitators and barriers to tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment in Nigeria

  First Author, Year Title Data collection Method of data analysis Main themes
1 Adejumo, 2020 [40] Challenges of Tuberculosis Control in Lagos State, Nigeria: A Qualitative Study of Health-Care Providers’ Perspectives 34 in-depth interviews with health workers Data coded deductively into previously dentified themes Challenges with TB management and supervision, laboratory tests, DOTS providers’ training, and work overload
2 Ajayi, 2013 [38] Assessing resources for implementing a community directed intervention (CDI) strategy in delivering multiple health interventions in urban poor communities in Southwestern Nigeria: a qualitative study 12 Focus group discussions and 73 key informant interviews (KIIs) with stakeholders Content analysis- inductive and deductive Community resources can facilitate access to health care
3 Bieh, 2017 [41] Hospitalized care for MDR-TB in Port Harcourt, Nigeria: a qualitative study 2 gender based FGDs and 11 in-depth interviews with patients Transcription of data, coding and thematic assembly and analysis Patient-centered care improves access and removes stigma
4 Ogbuabor, 2020 [42] Through service providers’ eyes: health systems factors affecting implementation of tuberculosis control in Enugu State, South Eastern Nigeria 23 in-depth interviews with health workers Framework approach Leadership and governance, health financing and human resources, supply chain system (technology), health information system and service delivery
5 Olukolade, 2017 [43] Role of treatment supporters beyond monitoring daily drug intake for TB-patients: Findings from a qualitative study in Nigeria 2 FGDs, 15 KIIs and IDIs Data transcription and content analysis Patient nominated treatment supporter and patient centered approach to TB Therapy very crucial
6 Okeibunor, 2006 [44] Barriers to care seeking in directly observed therapy short-course (DOTS) clinics and tuberculosis control in southern Nigeria: a qualitative analysis 24 in-depth interviews & 24 FGDs Themes were developed in the form of codes and further summarized ethno-graphically Perceived causes of TB infection, perceived high costs & quality of care prevent patients from accessing available services
7 Onyeneho, 2010 [45] Is there a role for patent medicine vendors (PMVs) in tuberculosis control in southern Nigeria? 17 interviews each with PMV and community leaders Developing, describing and interpreting codes Knowledge and practice about TB, referral practices, awareness of TB clinics, involvement in detection of TB cases and attitudes towards involvement of PMVs in TB control
8 Oshi, 2016 [46] Gender-related factors influencing women’s health seeking for tuberculosis care in Ebonyi state, Nigeria 56 interviews – with 46 women and 10 men from 6 communities Cross-case analysis of key themes Socio-cultural & economic factors weaken women’s access to health care
9 Ushie, 2012 [47] The paradox of family support: Concerns of tuberculosis-infected HIV patients about involving family and friends in their treatment. 8 FGD, 21 In-depth Interviews, 4Case histories Thematic analysis Family support promotes adherence
10 Ukwaja et al. (2017) [48] Sustaining the DOTS’: stakeholders’ experience of a social protection intervention for TB in Nigeria. 103 key Informant interview, 2 FGD, 10 In-depth interviews Thematic content analysis until data saturation Patients and health workers recorded positive outcomes with financial inducements