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Table 2 Implicit and explicit scores for attitudes by experiment and participant group

From: The target/perpetrator brief-implicit association test (B-IAT): an implicit instrument for efficiently measuring discrimination based on race/ethnicity, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, weight, and age

     Implicit and Explicit Correlations
Experiment Participant Group Good/Bad B-IAT
(Implicit Attitude)
Explicit Attitude Good/Bad B-IAT
and Explicit Attitude
N M SD Group Comparison N M SD Group Comparison r
Racism People of Color 74 0.09 0.50 ** 77 −0.77** 1.06 ** 0.10
White 78 0.30** 0.42 77 0.06 0.7 0.32**
Sexism Female 79 −0.59** 0.36 ** 74 −0.23* 0.84 n.s. 0.17
Male 72 −0.15** 0.37 73 −0.15 1.20 0.06
Heterosexism LGBQ 72 −0.35** 0.47 ** 75 −0.55** 1.02 ** 0.31**
Straight 74 0.16** 0.50 75 0.52** 1.07 0.40**
Transphobia Trans 70 −0.36** 0.43 ** 74 −1.35** 1.38 ** 0.22
Cis 77 0.14** 0.41 78 0.63** 1.16 0.31**
Ageism Older 42 −0.12 0.40 ** 40 −0.30* 0.91 ** −0.04
Younger 80 0.10* 0.35 79 0.23 1.25 0.15
Fatphobia Heavy 76 0.28** 0.44 * 77 0.42** 0.94 n.s. 0.13
Not heavy 77 0.42** 0.45 76 0.68** 0.88 0.20
  1. B-IAT scores could range from + 2 to −2, whereas explicit scores could range from −3 to + 3. Positive scores indicated a preference for the dominant group. Zero indicated no relative preference. Note. Group comparison refers to comparison of scores (mean values) across the participant groups for each experiment; M Mean, SD standard deviation; *p < 0.05 (2-sided); ** p < 0.01 (2-sided); n.s not significant