Skip to main content

Table 2 Multivariable regression results for the association between hearing impairment and risk of child protection notifications and substantiations, 1999–2008 birth cohort, Northern Territory Aboriginal children

From: The link between hearing impairment and child maltreatment among Aboriginal children in the Northern Territory of Australia: is there an opportunity for a public health approach in child protection?

 NotificationSubstantiation
adjHR(95% CI)padjHR(95% CI)p
Hearing impairment (HI)
 Normalreference reference 
 Unilateral hearing loss0.96 (0.88–1.04)0.2900.99 (0.90–1.08)0.808
 Mild HI0.99 (0.88–1.10)0.8200.97 (0.82–1.14)0.693
 Moderate or worse HI1.16 (1.04–1.30)**0.0091.20 (1.04–1.40)*0.015
Gender
 Malereference reference 
 Female1.09 (1.01–1.17)*0.0211.09 (0.94–1.26)0.244
First Child
 Noreference reference 
 Yes0.93 (0.85–1.02)0.1410.95 (0.87–1.04)0.246
Born to mother with STI
 Noreference reference 
 Yes1.24 (1.11–1.40)***< 0.0011.25 (1.07–1.45)**0.004
Mother attend less than 7 antenatal visits
 Noreference reference 
 Yes1.03 (1.00–1.06)*0.0301.02 (0.91–1.14)0.792
Mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy
 Noreference reference 
 Yes1.34 (1.15–1.55)***< 0.0011.39 (1.16–1.67)***< 0.001
 Not stated/missing1.13 (0.99–1.29)0.0721.00 (0.84–1.19)0.975
Mother smoked during pregnancy
 Noreference reference 
 Yes1.22 (1.09–1.38)**0.0011.14 (0.99–1.30)0.061
 Not stated/missing1.12 (0.99–1.27)0.0761.13 (0.96–1.32)0.135
  1. 1. adjHR:adjusted HR.
  2. 2. The results are adjusted for community fixed effect
  3. 3. *: p values < 0.05; **: p values < 0.01; ***: p values < 0.001