Skip to main content

Table 5 Factors affecting well-being and mental health for IDES respondents with psychosocial disability. P-values are from linear regressions of each exposure on PWI and MHI-5 outcomes and are adjusted for age, sex and education

From: ‘I’m proud of how far I’ve come. I’m just ready to work’: mental health recovery narratives within the context of Australia’s Disability Employment Services

Exposure variables PWI total
mean (± 95% CI)
p-value MHI-5
mean (± 95% CI)
p-value
Completed secondary school No 45.9 (38.6, 53.3) 41.5 (33.8, 49.2)  
Yes 50.8 (37.0, 64.6) 0.14 44.0 (29.6, 58.5) 0.45
Compulsory engagement in DES Yes 45.5 (38.1, 53.0) 40.9 (33.0 48.5)
No 48.2 (33.1, 63.3) 0.49 45.6 (29.5, 61.5) 0.25
Choice in provider Yes 52.4 (43.5, 61.2) 48.2 (38.8, 57.5)
No 39.5 (23.8, 55.3) < 0.01 36.1 (19.6, 52.5) < 0.01
Length of time in DES < 3 months 47.2 (36.1, 59.3) 42.5 (31.6 53.4)
3–6 months 45.2 (21.4, 69.0) 0.76 38.0 (14.3, 61.7) 0.48
6–12 months 46.3 (22.9, 69.8) 0.90 41.4 (20.8, 64.3) 0.85
> 12 months 46.1 (25.8, 66.6) 0.84 40.8 (20.8, 60.8) 0.71
Experience disability-related discrimination Yes 40.0 (32.7, 47.2) 34.7 (27.1 42.3)
No 56.1 (42.8, 69.4) < 0.01 51.2 (37.3, 65.0) < 0.01
Ever employed Yes 46.2 (38.6, 53.7) 41.4 (33.6, 49.2)
No 44.8 (26.3, 63.3) 0.80 42.3 (22.9, 61.6) 0.90
Currently employed Yes 53.2 (43.9, 62.5) 50.5 (40.8, 60.2)
No 43.4 (27.0, 59.9) 0.01 39.9 (22.7, 57.2) < 0.01
Preference to work Fewer hours 41.8 (20.9, 62.7) 30.9 (10.7, 51.0)
About the same 60.3 (20.5, 99.0) 0.05 56.3 (17.7, 94.9) < 0.01
More hours 53.7 (14.9, 91.7) 0.19 43.0 (5.2, 80.7) 0.13
Employment arrangement Permanent or ongoing 65.8 (52.4, 79.0) 58.8 (44.6, 73.0)
Casual or temporary 53.7 (29.0, 78.5) 0.04 43.7 (17.2, 70.3) 0.02
Choice in career/job No choice 30.6 (21.0, 40.3) 34.1 (23.5, 44.7)
Some choice 43.9 (26.0, 61.7) < 0.01 40.5 (21.1, 29.4) 0.15
Complete choice 54.3 (35.7, 72.8) < 0.01 45.4 (25.1, 65.8) 0.02
Experienced no place to live/stay in last 6 months Yes 38.5 (28.2, 48.8) 30.1 (19.2, 40.9)
No 47.9 (28.7, 67.1) 0.03 43.9 (23.7, 64.1) < 0.01