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Table 4 Determinants using COM-B classification according to frequency with which they feature in the literature reviewed

From: Determinants of clean birthing practices in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review

  General Hand hygiene Clean delivery surface Clean cord cutting instrument Clean cord tie Clean cord care Total
Attendant Caregiver
n = 50 n = 9 n = 4 n = 5 n = 5 n = 5 n = 11  
Capability
 Psychological
  Confidence 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  Educational level 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
  Experience 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Guidelines 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
  Knowledge 36 5 3 0 4 4 4 56
  Occupation 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  Parity - no. children 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Physical
  Skills 16 0 0 0 2 1 0 19
Motivation
 Reflective
  Product acceptability 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
  Futility 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  Impunity 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
  Fear of repercussions 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Practical considerations 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 4
  Willingness to pay 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
  Product cost 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Automatic
  Automaticity 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
  Disgust 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
  Job motivation 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
  Nurture 0 0 1 0 0 1 4 6
  Ownership/participatory approaches 5 0 1 0 0 0 1 7
  Sense of pride 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  Teachable moment 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
Opportunity
 Social
  Collective behaviours/social norms 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Social heirarchies/community influencers 7 2 1 1 1 0 4 16
  Traditional/cultural beliefs 5 1 0 4 2 1 6 19
  Trust in attendant 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
 Physical
  Adequate materials/supplies 15 6 0 0 0 1 0 22
  Convenience of the activity 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
  Ease of use of product 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Proximity 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  Infrastructure 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 7
  Remembering all required steps 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
  Time 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 4